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L'opposition Imparfait/Passé simple : approche théorique et application didactique par le film en français langue étrangère

Abstract : This thesis examines the Imparfait/Passé simple distinction, first, from a linguistic point of view, then, from a pedagogical perspective in French as a foreign language. The thesis is based upon the definition of the elementary verbal interaction settings, involving the basic temporal parameters of any prototypical language communication (i.e. me/you/here/now). Following KLEIN (1994) and GOSSELIN (1996), tenses are considered as embodying the fusion of a temporal and an aspectual relation, combining three intervals: one of speech, one of reference, and one of process. The interval of reference is regarded as a mental space (FAUCONNIER 1984) that can be defined positively (base mental space), negatively (alternative mental space), or autonomously (autonomous mental space) in relation to the temporal dimension of the elementary verbal interaction settings. A systemic distribution of French indicative tenses is then proposed accordingly. After examining aspect and Aktionsart, the analysis focuses on back- and foregrounding in texts, following HOPPER & THOMPSON (1980) and COMBETTES (1992). Two possible correlations emerge: foreground, Passé simple and progression on the one hand, background, Imparfait and simultaneity on the other. Parallels are then drawn between narrative texts and films with regard to strategies used to express time, here, namely: progression and simultaneity. Finally, a set of five activities is proposed, based on two French movies (Pépé le Moko (DUVIVIER 1936); Le Samouraï (MELVILLE 1967)). They aim at facilitating the understanding of the Passé simple/Imparfait distinction, by drawing students' attention to the film strategies previously mentioned.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 17, 2012 - 11:03:39 PM
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Christian Surcouf. L'opposition Imparfait/Passé simple : approche théorique et application didactique par le film en français langue étrangère. Linguistique. Université de Grenoble, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00660876⟩

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