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Plasticité cristaline des aciers sphéroïdisés et clivage

Abstract : The cleavage fracture prediction of the ferritic steels has been widely studied using the localapproach to fracture and macroscopic phenomenological models like Beremin. This prediction remains difficult in the ductile-brittle transition domain. Therefore, micromechanical studies have been carried out using polycrystalline approaches to describe the evolution of the cleavage stress in function of temperature for the bainitic steels. In this study, a macroscopic model using a polycrystalline approach is developed to predict the cleavage of one steel with a simple microstructure: a spheroidized steel. Many results in the literature indicate that its fracture is due to carbide microcracking. The mechanical and fracture behavior of a spheroidized steel C35R are obtained by tensile and toughness tests in a temperature range between -196°C and 20°C. The microstructural analyses are performed to determine the grain and carbide size distribution. Simplified microstructure models of the steel are proposed. The polycrystalline aspect of the material is taken into account. A parametric study on the carbide stress distribution is carried out. It is shown that the parameters of the polycrystalline model do not influence the carbide stress distribution if the same global tensile behavior is represented. The cleavage fracture prediction is based on the probabilistic approach, considering the stress scatter in the carbides due to the mechanical fields’ heterogeneity related to the polycrystalline modelling. Thus, the elementary fracture probability function is obtained. Different macroscopic fracture models are then developed based on the criteria based on nucleation and propagation of microcracks. The models are applied to a SENT specimen to predict the toughness in the bottom of the ductile-brittle transition domain. The comparison with experimental results shows that the evolution of the microcracks volume density with the loading, the extension of the microcracks with various sizes or their blunting, must be taken into account. The importance of the different criterions depends on the temperature.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 30, 2012 - 3:14:15 PM
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Saeid Rezaee. Plasticité cristaline des aciers sphéroïdisés et clivage. Autre. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ECAP0038⟩. ⟨tel-00664414⟩

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