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Microsphères de chimioembolisation appliquées au poumon : étude de la libération in vivo d'anticancéreux

Abstract : Chemoembolization is a loco-regional therapy, which consists of delivering selectively and directly to the pathologic area, by means of catheters through the vasculature, a drug and an embolic agent. The purpose is to achieve nutrient and oxygen starvation of the tumor, to minimize chemotherapy wash-out with prolonged contact with tumor tissue and therefore to increase the local drug concentration and reduce systemic toxicity. Drug eluting beads are a new generation of calibrated embolization beads, which behave as a drug delivery system. They have been developed in order to optimize chemoembolization and to control precisely the release and the dose of drug into the treatment site. Drug eluting beads have never been used for lung chemoembolization. It may be interesting to evaluate them in the treatment of lung tumors in order to impregnate the tumor with an anticancer drug while avoiding systemic toxicity of this drug and in the treatment of massive hemoptysis to avoid recurrences, induced by a recanalization of vessels after embolization, by using an inhibitor on vascular remodeling. Our purpose was to evaluate the release performances of irinotecan and sirolimus from drug eluting beads, in systemic circulation and in lung tissue, in sheep lung chemoembolization models. Our results showed that drug eluting beads did not allow a sufficient sustained delivery of irinotecan to expect to obtain an effective impregnation of a pulmonary lobe. Sirolimus eluting beads seem to allow a drug controlled release and appear interesting to prevent recanalization. Drug eluting beads have to be improved in order to allow sustained and controlled release of the drug. Complementary studies especially efficacy studies have to be investigated for showing the interest to use lung chemoembolization with drug eluting beads in clinical practice.
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Minh-Tâm Baylatry. Microsphères de chimioembolisation appliquées au poumon : étude de la libération in vivo d'anticancéreux. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA114819⟩. ⟨tel-00665233⟩

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