A. Abdalla, S. Beare, L. Cao, G. Garner, and A. Heaney, Foot and Mouth Disease : Evaluating alternatives for controlling a possible outbreak in Australia, p.28, 2005.

R. Albert, H. Jeong, and A. L. Barabasi, Error and attack tolerance of complex networks, Nature, vol.1696, issue.6794, pp.378-382, 2000.
DOI : 10.1038/35019019

S. Alexandersen, M. Quan, C. Murphy, J. Knight, and Z. Zhang, Studies of Quantitative Parameters of Virus Excretion and Transmission in Pigs and Cattle Experimentally Infected with Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus, Journal of Comparative Pathology, vol.129, issue.4, pp.268-282, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9975(03)00045-8

S. Alexandersen, Z. Zhang, and A. I. Donaldson, Aspects of the persistence of foot-and-mouth disease virus in animals???the carrier problem, Microbes and Infection, vol.4, issue.10, pp.1099-1110, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S1286-4579(02)01634-9

S. Alexandersen, Z. Zhang, A. I. Donaldson, and A. J. Garland, The Pathogenesis and Diagnosis of Foot-and-Mouth Disease, Journal of Comparative Pathology, vol.129, issue.1, pp.1-36, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9975(03)00041-0

S. Ammendrup and L. O. Barcos, The implementation of traceability systems, Rev Sci Tech, vol.25, pp.763-773, 2006.

I. Anderson, Foot and mouth disease 2001: lessons to be learned inquiry report, 2002.

R. M. Anderson and R. M. May, Population biology of infectious diseases: Part I, Nature, vol.25, issue.5721, pp.361-367, 1979.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-5193(66)90161-5

R. M. Anderson and R. M. May, Infectious diseases of humans: dynamics and control, 1991.

J. A. Backer, R. H. Bergevoet, J. , H. Bondt, N. et al., Vaccination against Foot-and-Mouth Disease : differentiating strategies and their epidemiological and economic consequences, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.05.012

C. Bailey, I. Convery, M. Mort, and J. Baxter, Different public health geographies of the 2001 foot and mouth disease epidemic: ???citizen??? versus ???professional??? epidemiology, Health & Place, vol.12, issue.2, pp.157-166, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.healthplace.2004.11.004

A. L. Barabasi, Scale-Free Networks: A Decade and Beyond, Science, vol.325, issue.5939, pp.412-413, 2009.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1173299

A. L. Barabasi and R. Albert, Emergence of scaling in random networks, Science, vol.286, pp.509-512, 1999.

P. Barnett, A. J. Garland, R. P. Kitching, and C. G. Schermbrucker, Aspects of emergency vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease, Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol.25, issue.5-6, pp.345-364, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0147-9571(02)00031-0

L. M. Bartley, C. A. Donnelly, and R. M. Anderson, Review of foot-and mouth disease virus survival in animal excretions and on fomites, Veterinary Record, vol.151, issue.22, pp.667-669, 2002.
DOI : 10.1136/vr.151.22.667

V. Batagelj and A. Mrvar, Pajek -Program for Large Network Analysis, Connections, vol.21, pp.47-57, 1998.

T. W. Bates, T. E. Carpenter, and M. C. Thurmond, Benefit-cost analysis of vaccination and preemptive slaughter as a means of eradicating foot-and-mouth disease, American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol.64, issue.7, pp.805-812, 2003.
DOI : 10.2460/ajvr.2003.64.805

T. W. Bates, M. C. Thurmond, and T. E. Carpenter, Description of an epidemic simulation model for use in evaluating strategies to control an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease, American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol.64, issue.2, pp.195-204, 2003.
DOI : 10.2460/ajvr.2003.64.195

T. W. Bates, M. C. Thurmond, and T. E. Carpenter, Results of epidemic simulation modeling to evaluate strategies to control an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease, American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol.64, issue.2, pp.205-210, 2003.
DOI : 10.2460/ajvr.2003.64.205

T. W. Bates, M. C. Thurmond, S. K. Hietala, K. S. Venkateswaran, T. M. Wilson et al., Surveillance for detection of foot-and-mouth disease, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol.223, issue.5, pp.609-614, 2003.
DOI : 10.2460/javma.2003.223.609

P. B. Berentsen, A. A. Dijkhuizen, and A. J. Oskam, A dynamic model for cost-benefit analyses of foot-and-mouth disease control strategies, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.12, issue.3-4, pp.229-243, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0167-5877(92)90052-H

M. Bigras-poulin, K. Barfod, S. Mortensen, and M. Greiner, Relationship of trade patterns of the Danish swine industry animal movements network to potential disease spread, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.80, issue.2-3, pp.143-165, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.02.004

M. Bigras-poulin, R. A. Thompson, M. Chriel, S. Mortensen, and M. Greiner, Network analysis of Danish cattle industry trade patterns as an evaluation of risk potential for disease spread, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.76, issue.1-2, pp.11-39, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2006.04.004

G. J. Boender, H. J. Van-roermund, M. C. De-jong, and T. J. Hagenaars, Transmission risks and control of foot-and-mouth disease in The Netherlands: Spatial patterns, Epidemics, vol.2, issue.1, pp.36-47, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epidem.2010.03.001

S. P. Borgatti and M. G. Everett, Network analysis of 2-mode data, Social Networks, vol.19, issue.3, pp.243-269, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-8733(96)00301-2

A. Bouma, A. Dekker, and M. C. De-jong, No foot-and-mouth disease virus transmission between individually housed calves, Veterinary Microbiology, vol.98, issue.1, pp.29-36, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.vetmic.2003.10.016

A. Bouma, A. R. Elbers, A. Dekker, A. De-koeijer, C. Bartels et al., The foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in The Netherlands in 2001, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.57, issue.3, pp.155-166, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-5877(02)00217-9

M. L. Brennan, R. Kemp, and R. M. Christley, Direct and indirect contacts between cattle farms in north-west England, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.84, issue.3-4, pp.242-260, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.12.009

T. E. Carpenter, J. M. O-'brien, A. D. Hagerman, and B. A. Mccarl, Epidemic and Economic Impacts of Delayed Detection of Foot-And-Mouth Disease: A Case Study of a Simulated Outbreak in California, Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, vol.23, issue.1, pp.26-33, 2011.
DOI : 10.1177/104063871102300104

M. H. Cassagne, Managing compensation for economic losses in areas surrounding foot and mouth disease outbreaks: the response of France, Rev Sci Tech, vol.21, pp.823-829, 2002.

I. Chmitelin and F. Moutou, Foot and mouth disease: lessons to be learned from the experience of France, Rev Sci Tech, vol.21, pp.731-737, 2002.

R. M. Christley and N. P. French, Small-world topology of UK racing: the potential for rapid spread of infectious agents, Equine Veterinary Journal, vol.309, issue.6, pp.586-589, 2003.
DOI : 10.2746/042516403775467298

R. M. Christley, S. E. Robinson, R. Lysons, and N. French, Network analysis of cattle movement in Great Britain, Proc. Soc. Vet. Epidemiol. Prev. Med, pp.234-243, 2005.

A. Clauset, M. E. Newman, and C. Moore, Finding community structure in very large networks, Physical Review E, vol.70, issue.6, p.66111, 2004.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.70.066111

A. Clauset, C. R. Shalizi, and M. E. Newman, Power-Law Distributions in Empirical Data, SIAM Review, vol.51, issue.4, pp.661-703, 2009.
DOI : 10.1137/070710111

. Collectif, R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, 2009.

D. Nardo, A. Knowles, N. J. Paton, and D. J. , Combining livestock trade patterns with phylogenetics to help understand the spread of foot and mouth disease in sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.30, issue.1, pp.63-85, 2011.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.30.1.2022

M. G. Doherr and L. Audige, Monitoring and surveillance for rare health-related events: a review from the veterinary perspective, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.356, issue.1411, pp.1097-1106, 2001.
DOI : 10.1098/rstb.2001.0898

L. Dommergues, S. Rautureau, E. Petit, and B. Dufour, Network of Contacts between Cattle Herds in a French Area Affected by Bovine Tuberculosis in 2010, Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol.68, issue.4, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01269.x

A. I. Donaldson, Risks of spreading foot and mouth disease through milk and dairy products, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.16, issue.1, pp.117-124, 1997.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.16.1.1013

A. I. Donaldson and S. Alexandersen, Predicting the spread of foot and mouth disease by airborne virus, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.21, issue.3, pp.569-575, 2002.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.21.3.1362

A. I. Donaldson, S. Alexandersen, J. H. Sorensen, and T. Mikkelsen, Relative risks of the uncontrollable (airborne) spread of FMD by different species, Veterinary Record, vol.148, issue.19, pp.602-604, 2001.
DOI : 10.1136/vr.148.19.602

C. Dube, C. Ribble, D. Kelton, and B. Mcnab, A Review of Network Analysis Terminology and its Application to Foot-and-Mouth Disease Modelling and Policy Development, Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol.1, issue.3, pp.73-85, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2008.01064.x

B. Dufour, P. Hendrikx, and B. Toma, The design and establishment of epidemiological surveillance systems for high-risks diseases in developed countries, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.25, issue.1, pp.187-198, 2006.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.25.1.1659

C. S. Dunn and A. I. Donaldson, Natural adaption to pigs of a Taiwanese isolate of foot-and-mouth disease virus, Veterinary Record, vol.141, issue.7, pp.174-175, 1997.
DOI : 10.1136/vr.141.7.174

B. Durand and O. Mahul, An extended state-transition model for foot-and-mouth disease epidemics in France, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.47, issue.1-2, pp.121-139, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-5877(00)00158-6

P. Eble, A. De-koeijer, A. Bouma, A. Stegeman, and A. Dekker, Quantification of within- and between-pen transmission of Foot-and-Mouth disease virus in pigs, Veterinary Research, vol.37, issue.5, pp.647-654, 2006.
DOI : 10.1051/vetres:2006026

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00903048

N. M. Ferguson, C. A. Donnelly, and R. M. Anderson, The Foot-and-Mouth Epidemic in Great Britain: Pattern of Spread and Impact of Interventions, Science, vol.292, issue.5519, pp.1155-1160, 2001.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1061020

E. M. Fevre, B. M. Bronsvoort, K. A. Hamilton, and S. Cleaveland, Animal movements and the spread of infectious diseases, Trends in Microbiology, vol.14, issue.3, pp.125-131, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tim.2006.01.004

J. Franks, P. Lowe, J. Phillipson, and C. Scott, The impact of foot and mouth disease on farm businesses in Cumbria, Land Use Policy, vol.20, issue.2, pp.159-168, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0264-8377(02)00080-7

L. C. Freeman, Centrality in social networks conceptual clarification, Social Networks, vol.1, issue.3, pp.215-239, 1978.
DOI : 10.1016/0378-8733(78)90021-7

M. G. Garner and S. D. Beckett, Modelling the spread of foot-and-mouth disease in Australia, Australian Veterinary Journal, vol.149, issue.3, pp.758-766, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tvjl.2003.10.014

M. G. Garner, B. S. Fisher, and J. G. Murray, Economic aspects of foot and mouth disease: perspectives of a free country, Australia, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.21, issue.3, pp.625-635, 2002.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.21.3.1357

L. Ge, M. C. Mourits, A. R. Kristensen, and R. B. Huirne, A modelling approach to support dynamic decision-making in the control of FMD epidemics, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.95, issue.3-4, pp.167-174, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.04.003

J. C. Gibbens, J. W. Wilesmith, C. E. Sharpe, L. M. Mansley, E. Michalopoulou et al., Descriptive epidemiology of the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Great Britain: the first five months, Vet Rec, vol.149, pp.729-743, 2001.

J. Gloster, A. Jones, A. Redington, L. Burgin, J. H. Sorensen et al., Airborne spread of foot-and-mouth disease ??? Model intercomparison, The Veterinary Journal, vol.183, issue.3, pp.278-286, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tvjl.2008.11.011

D. M. Green, I. Z. Kiss, and R. R. Kao, Modelling the initial spread of foot-and-mouth disease through animal movements, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.227, issue.5260, pp.2729-2735, 2006.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1065973

P. Grisot, Réorganisation de l'encadrement des programmes de selection ovin francais suite aux nouvelles dispositions de la loi d'orientation agricole, Ecole Sup-Agro, p.162, 2006.

N. Harvey, A. Reeves, M. A. Schoenbaum, F. J. Zagmutt-vergara, C. Dube et al., The North American Animal Disease Spread Model: A simulation model to assist decision making in evaluating animal disease incursions, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.82, issue.3-4, pp.176-197, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.05.019

D. T. Haydon, R. R. Kao, and R. P. Kitching, Opinion: The UK foot-and-mouth disease outbreak ??? the aftermath, Nature Reviews Microbiology, vol.148, issue.8, pp.675-681, 2004.
DOI : 10.1038/35077149

N. Honhold, The impact of farm gate biosecurity on the transmission of FMD in UK in 2001. Session of the Research Group of the Standing Technical Committee of EuFMD, 2006.

N. Honhold, N. M. Taylor, A. Wingfield, P. Einshoj, C. Middlemiss et al., Evaluation of the appicatoion of veteroinary judgement in the pre-emptive cull of contiguous premises during the epidemic of foot-and-mouth disease in Cumbria in 2001, Veterinary Record, vol.155, issue.12, pp.349-355, 2001.
DOI : 10.1136/vr.155.12.349

H. S. Horst, A. A. Dijkhuizen, R. B. Huirne, and M. P. Meuwissen, Monte Carlo simulation of virus introduction into the Netherlands, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.41, issue.2-3, pp.209-229, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-5877(99)00038-0

A. D. James and J. Rushton, The economics of foot and mouth disease, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.21, issue.3, pp.637-644, 2002.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.21.3.1356

R. R. Kao, L. Danon, D. M. Green, and I. Z. Kiss, Demographic structure and pathogen dynamics on the network of livestock movements in Great Britain, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.61, issue.3, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2003.08.002

M. Keeling, The implications of network structure for epidemic dynamics, Theoretical Population Biology, vol.67, issue.1, pp.1-8, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tpb.2004.08.002

M. Keeling and P. Rohani, Modeling Infectious Diseases in Humans and Animals, 2007.
DOI : 10.1086/591197

URL : http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/short/47/6/864

M. J. Keeling, Models of foot-and-mouth disease, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.30, issue.1, pp.1195-1202, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-5877(96)01085-9

M. J. Keeling, M. E. Woolhouse, D. J. Shaw, L. Matthews, M. Chase-topping et al., Dynamics of the 2001 UK Foot and Mouth Epidemic: Stochastic Dispersal in a Heterogeneous Landscape, Science, vol.294, issue.5543, pp.813-817, 2001.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1065973

I. Z. Kiss, D. M. Green, and R. R. Kao, Infectious disease control using contact tracing in random and scale-free networks, Journal of The Royal Society Interface, vol.102, issue.12, pp.55-62, 2006.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0501179102

I. Z. Kiss, D. M. Green, and R. R. Kao, The network of sheep movements within Great Britain: network properties and their implications for infectious disease spread, Journal of The Royal Society Interface, vol.3, issue.10, pp.669-677, 2006.
DOI : 10.1098/rsif.2006.0129

R. P. Kitching, A. M. Hutber, and M. V. Thrusfield, A review of foot-and-mouth disease with special consideration for the clinical and epidemiological factors relevant to predictive modelling of the disease, The Veterinary Journal, vol.169, issue.2, pp.197-209, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tvjl.2004.06.001

R. P. Kitching, M. V. Thrusfield, and N. M. Taylor, Use and abuse of mathematical models : an illustration from the 2001 foot and mouth disease epidemic in the United Kingdom, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.25, issue.1, pp.293-311, 2006.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.25.1.1665

M. Kobayashi, T. E. Carpenter, B. F. Dickey, and R. E. Howitt, A dynamic, optimal disease control model for foot-and-mouth-disease:, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.79, issue.2-4, pp.274-286, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.01.001

M. Kobayashi, T. E. Carpenter, B. F. Dickey, and R. E. Howitt, A dynamic, optimal disease control model for foot-and-mouth disease:, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.79, issue.2-4, pp.257-273, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.01.002

L. Bail, P. , L. Bourdais, G. Repiquet, D. Viau et al., Rapport sur la profession vétérinaire et l'exercice en milieu rural, 2010.

L. Menach, A. Legrand, J. Grais, R. F. Viboud, C. Valleron et al., Modeling spatial and temporal transmission of foot-and-mouth disease in France: identification of high-risk areas, Vet Res, vol.36, pp.699-712, 2005.

Y. Leforban, How predictable were the outbreaks of foot and mouth disease in Europe in 2001 and is vaccination the answer?, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.21, issue.3, pp.549-556, 2002.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.21.3.1364

Y. Leforban and G. Gerbier, Review of the status of foot and mouth disease and approach to control/eradication in Europe and Central Asia, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.21, issue.3, pp.477-492, 2002.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.21.3.1345

K. Liang and S. Zeger, Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models, Biometrika, vol.73, issue.1, pp.13-22, 1986.
DOI : 10.1093/biomet/73.1.13

O. Mahul and B. Durand, Simulated economic consequences of foot-and-mouth disease epidemics and their public control in France, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.47, issue.1-2, pp.23-38, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-5877(00)00166-5

F. Mardones, A. Perez, J. Sanchez, M. Alkhamis, and T. Carpenter, Parameterization of the duration of infection stages of serotype O foot-and-mouth disease virus: an analytical review and meta-analysis with application to simulation models, Veterinary Research, vol.41, issue.4, p.45, 2010.
DOI : 10.1051/vetres/2010017

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00903168

B. Martinez-lopez, A. M. Perez, and J. M. Sanchez-vizcaino, Combined application of social network and cluster detection analyses for temporal-spatial characterization of animal movements in Salamanca, Spain, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.91, issue.1, pp.29-38, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2009.05.007

B. Martinez-lopez, A. M. Perez, and J. M. Sanchez-vizcaino, Social Network Analysis. Review of General Concepts and Use in Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol.16, issue.4, pp.109-120, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2009.01073.x

B. Martinez-lopez, A. M. Perez, and J. M. Sanchez-vizcaino, A simulation model for the potential spread of foot-and-mouth disease in the Castile and Leon region of Spain, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.96, issue.1-2, pp.19-29, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.05.015

K. A. Mccoll, H. A. Westbury, R. P. Kitching, and V. M. Lewis, The persistence of foot-and-mouth disease virus on wool, Australian Veterinary Journal, vol.46, issue.667, pp.286-292, 1995.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1995.tb03556.x

R. S. Morris, J. W. Wilesmith, M. W. Stern, R. L. Sanson, and M. A. Stevenson, Predictive spatial modelling of alternative control strategies for the foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Great Britain, 2001, Veterinary Record, vol.149, issue.5, pp.137-144, 2001.
DOI : 10.1136/vr.149.5.137

F. Natale, A. Giovannini, L. Savini, D. Palma, L. Possenti et al., Network analysis of Italian cattle trade patterns and evaluation of risks for potential disease spread, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.92, issue.4, pp.341-350, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2009.08.026

M. E. Newman, Modularity and community structure in networks, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.103, issue.23, pp.8577-8582, 2006.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0601602103

M. E. Newman and M. Girvan, Finding and evaluating community structure in networks, Physical Review E, vol.69, issue.2, p.26113, 2004.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.69.026113

M. E. Newman, Random graphs as models of networks. Handbook of Graphs and Networks, pp.35-68, 2005.

M. Nielen, A. W. Jalvingh, H. S. Horst, A. A. Dijkhuizen, H. Maurice et al., Quantification of contacts between Dutch farms to assess the potential risk of foot-and-mouth disease spread, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.28, issue.3, pp.143-158, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0167-5877(96)01042-2

M. Noremark, N. Hakansson, S. S. Lewerin, A. Lindberg, and A. Jonsson, Network analysis of cattle and pig movements in Sweden: Measures relevant for disease control and risk based surveillance, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.99, issue.2-4, pp.78-90, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.12.009

K. Orsel, A. Bouma, A. Dekker, J. A. Stegeman, and M. C. De-jong, Foot and mouth disease virus transmission during the incubation period of the disease in piglets, lambs, calves, and dairy cows, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.88, issue.2, pp.158-163, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2008.09.001

A. Ortiz-pelaez, D. U. Pfeiffer, R. J. Soares-magalhaes, and F. J. Guitian, Use of social network analysis to characterize the pattern of animal movements in the initial phases of the 2001 foot and mouth disease (FMD) epidemic in the UK, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.76, issue.1-2, pp.40-55, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2006.04.007

M. J. Otte and P. Chilonda, Livestock information, sector analysis and policy branch, animal production and health division, 2000.

R. Pastor-satorras and A. Vespignani, Epidemic Spreading in Scale-Free Networks, Physical Review Letters, vol.86, issue.14, pp.3200-3203, 2001.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.3200

A. M. Perez, M. P. Ward, and T. E. Carpenter, Control of a foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Argentina, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.65, issue.3-4, pp.217-226, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2004.08.002

G. T. Pritchett, D. Johnson, and K. , Animal Disease Economic Impacts: A Survey of Literature and Typology of Research Approaches, International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, vol.8, pp.23-45, 2005.

S. Rautureau, Etude de la diffusion silencieuse de la fièvre aphteuse dans un rèseau d'élevages. Master: Surveillance épidémiologique des maladies humaines et animales, p.48, 2008.

J. Rivière, Analyse de simulations d'épizootie de fièvre aphteuse dans le Grand Ouest de la France., Master: Surveillance épidémiologique des maladies humaines et animales, p.72, 2011.

S. E. Robinson and R. M. Christley, Exploring the role of auction markets in cattle movements within Great Britain, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.81, issue.1-3, pp.21-37, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.04.011

J. Rushton, P. K. Thornton, and M. J. Otte, Methods of economic impact assessment, Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'OIE, vol.18, issue.2, pp.315-342, 1999.
DOI : 10.20506/rst.18.2.1172

M. Rweyemamu, P. Roeder, D. Mackay, K. Sumption, J. Brownlie et al., Epidemiological Patterns of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Worldwide, Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol.39, issue.1, pp.57-72, 2008.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2007.01013.x

G. Sabidussi, The centrality index of a graph, Psychometrika, vol.24, issue.66, pp.581-603, 1966.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02289527

R. L. Sanson, M. A. Stevenson, G. F. Mackereth, and N. Moles-benfell, The developement of an InterSpread plus parameter set to simulate the spread of FMD in New Zealand, 11th International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, 2006.

M. A. Schoenbaum, T. Disney, and W. , Modeling alternative mitigation strategies for a hypothetical outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the United States, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.58, issue.1-2, pp.25-52, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-5877(03)00004-7

B. Senturk and C. Yalcin, Production losses due to endemic foot-and-mouth disease in cattle in Turkey, Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, vol.38, issue.6, pp.433-440, 2008.

M. D. Shirley and S. P. Rushton, The impacts of network topology on disease spread, Ecological Complexity, vol.2, issue.3, pp.287-299, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecocom.2005.04.005

D. Thompson, P. Muriel, D. Russell, P. Osborne, A. Bromley et al., Economic costs of the foot and mouth disease outbreak in the United Kingdom, Rev Sci Tech, vol.21, pp.675-687, 2001.

J. H. Thornley and J. France, Modelling foot and mouth disease, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.89, issue.3-4, pp.139-154, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2009.02.019

M. J. Tildesley, R. Deardon, N. J. Savill, P. R. Bessell, S. P. Brooks et al., Accuracy of models for the 2001 foot-and-mouth epidemic, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.440, issue.7080, pp.1459-1468, 2008.
DOI : 10.1038/nature04324

B. Toma and B. Dufour, La fièvre aphteuse, Polycopié des Unités de maladies contagieuses des écoles vétérinaires françaises, p.55, 2010.

B. Toma, F. Moutou, and B. Dufour, Un nouveau concept sanitaire : l'abattage préventif, Epidemologie et santé animale, vol.40, pp.101-110, 2001.

B. Toma, F. Moutou, B. Dufour, and B. Durand, Ring vaccination against foot-and-mouth disease, Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol.25, issue.5-6, pp.365-372, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0147-9571(02)00032-2

F. H. Tomassen, A. De-koeijer, M. C. Mourits, A. Dekker, A. Bouma et al., A decision-tree to optimise control measures during the early stage of a foot-and-mouth disease epidemic, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.54, issue.4, pp.301-324, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-5877(02)00053-3

F. Vallat, Epizootics in France from 1700 to 1850: a clinical inventory of cattle and sheep], Hist Soc Rurales, pp.67-104, 2001.

H. J. Van-roermund, P. L. Eble, M. C. De-jong, and A. Dekker, No between-pen transmission of foot-and-mouth disease virus in vaccinated pigs, Vaccine, vol.28, issue.28, pp.4452-4461, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.04.019

V. V. Volkova, R. Howey, N. J. Savill, and M. E. Woolhouse, Potential for transmission of infections in networks of cattle farms, Epidemics, vol.2, issue.3, pp.116-122, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epidem.2010.05.004

V. V. Volkova, R. Howey, N. J. Savill, and M. E. Woolhouse, Sheep Movement Networks and the Transmission of Infectious Diseases, PLoS ONE, vol.1, issue.6, 2010.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0011185.t003

M. P. Ward, L. D. Highfield, P. Vongseng, G. Garner, and M. , Simulation of foot-and-mouth disease spread within an integrated livestock system in Texas, USA, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.88, issue.4, pp.286-297, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2008.12.006

S. F. Wasserman and K. , Social Network Analysis : Methods and Applications, 1994.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511815478

C. R. Webb, Farm animal networks: unraveling the contact structure of the British sheep population, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.68, issue.1, pp.3-17, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2005.01.003

C. R. Webb, Investigating the potential spread of infectious diseases of sheep via agricultural shows in Great Britain, Epidemiology and Infection, vol.134, issue.01, pp.31-40, 2006.
DOI : 10.1017/S095026880500467X

P. C. Yang, R. M. Chu, W. B. Chung, and H. T. Sung, Epidemiological characteristics and financial costs of the 1997 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in Taiwan, Vet Rec, vol.145, pp.731-734, 1999.

H. Yoon, S. H. Wee, M. A. Stevenson, B. D. O-'leary, R. S. Morris et al., Simulation analyses to evaluate alternative control strategies for the 2002 foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in the Republic of Korea, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.74, issue.2-3, pp.212-225, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2005.12.002

. Bigras-poulin, The French swine trade network had the same topology as animal trade networks described elsewhere in Europe (Christley, 2005.

I. Kiss, D. Green, and R. Kao, The network of sheep movements within Great Britain: network properties and their implications for infectious disease spread, Journal of The Royal Society Interface, vol.3, issue.10, pp.669-677
DOI : 10.1098/rsif.2006.0129

H. Lentz, M. Konschake, K. Teske, M. Kasper, B. Rother et al., Trade communities and their spatial patterns in the German pork production network, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.98, issue.2-3, pp.176-181, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.10.011

B. Martinez-lopez, A. Perez, and J. Sanchez-vizcaino, Combined application of social network and cluster detection analyses for temporal-spatial characterization of animal movements in Salamanca, Spain, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.91, issue.1, pp.29-38, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2009.05.007

B. Martinez-lopez, A. Perez, and J. Sanchez-vizcaino, Social Network Analysis. Review of General Concepts and Use in Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol.16, issue.4, pp.109-120, 2009.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2009.01073.x

F. Natale, A. Giovannini, L. Savini, D. Palma, L. Possenti et al., Network analysis of Italian cattle trade patterns and evaluation of risks for potential disease spread, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.92, issue.4, pp.341-350, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2009.08.026

M. Newman, Assortative Mixing in Networks, Physical Review Letters, vol.89, issue.20, 2002.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.208701

M. Newman, Fast algorithm for detecting community structure in networks, Physical Review E, vol.69, issue.6, p.66133, 2004.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.69.066133

M. Newman, Modularity and community structure in networks, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.103, issue.23, pp.8577-8582, 2006.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.0601602103

M. Newman, Random graphs as models of networks, Handbook of Graphs and Networks, pp.35-68, 2005.
DOI : 10.1002/3527602755.ch2

M. Nöremark, N. Hakansson, S. Lewerin, A. Lindberg, and A. Jonsson, Network analysis of cattle and pig movements in Sweden: Measures relevant for disease control and risk based surveillance, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.99, issue.2-4, pp.78-90, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.12.009

R. Pastor-satorras and A. Vespignani, Epidemic Spreading in Scale-Free Networks, Physical Review Letters, vol.86, issue.14, pp.3200-3203, 2001.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.3200

URL : http://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0010317

S. Rautureau, B. Dufour, and D. B. , Vulnerability of Animal Trade Networks to The Spread of Infectious Diseases: A Methodological Approach Applied to Evaluation and Emergency Control Strategies in Cattle, Transbound Emerg Dis, 2005.

S. Robinson and R. Christley, Exploring the role of auction markets in cattle movements within Great Britain, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.81, issue.1-3, pp.21-37, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.04.011

V. Volkova, R. Howey, N. Savill, and M. Woolhouse, Sheep Movement Networks and the Transmission of Infectious Diseases, PLoS ONE, vol.1, issue.6, 11185.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0011185.t003

V. Volkova, R. Howey, N. Savill, and M. Woolhouse, Potential for transmission of infections in networks of cattle farms, Epidemics, vol.2, issue.3, pp.116-122
DOI : 10.1016/j.epidem.2010.05.004

S. Wasserman and K. , Social Network Analysis : Methods and Applications, 1994.
DOI : 10.1017/CBO9780511815478

D. Watts and S. Strogatz, Collective dynamics of 'small-world' networks, Nature, vol.39353901033503119710, issue.11 22, pp.440-442002713, 1998.