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Expression et fonction de l’adiponutrine/PNPLA3 dans le foie : Relation entre la voie Wnt/β-caténine, la sensibilité à l’insuline et la stéatose hépatique

Abstract : The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has increased in industrial countries. The hallmark of MetS in the liver is an excessive accumulation of triglyceride, which is called hepatic steatosis. Different SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) are associated with hepatic steatosis or MetS. One of them is found on adiponutrin/PNPLA3 (Patatin-like Phospholipase Domain-Containing) gene (SNP I148M) and is now considered as a new marker of hepatic steatosis and severity of NAFLD (Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver diseases). In order to understand the physiological role of adiponutrin in the liver, we studied its transcriptional regulation by SREBP1c (Sterol Responive Element Binding Protein) and ChREBP (Carbohydrate Responsive Element Binding Protein), mediators of insulin and glucose respectively. Moreover, by overexpressing adiponutrin in mice liver, we investigated its role in hepatic carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. We showed that adiponutrin is regulated as lipogenic genes and could have a role lipid metabolism. As for adiponutrin I148M, different SNP are found on substrats of Wnt/β-catenin pathway, a major pathway controlling acinus zonation. We examined the regulation of this pathway by nutritionnal status and in a pathophysiological context of insulin resistance and steatosis. We showed that Wnt/β-catenin pathway is regulated by pancreatic hormones (insulin and glucagon) in the liver in order to adapt hepatocyte phenotype to energetic needs. Moreover, this pathway is dysregulated in insulin resistant mice liver. These data may suggest a link between Wnt/β-catenin pathway deregulation and hepatic metabolic disorders.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 2, 2012 - 12:22:39 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 2, 2022 - 4:15:40 PM
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Céline Dubuquoy. Expression et fonction de l’adiponutrine/PNPLA3 dans le foie : Relation entre la voie Wnt/β-caténine, la sensibilité à l’insuline et la stéatose hépatique. Sciences agricoles. Université René Descartes - Paris V, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA05T008⟩. ⟨tel-00713660⟩

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