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L'athéisme des psychanalystes : les acceptions du terme athéisme dans la théorie psychanalytique

Abstract : In his writings, Freud used the term atheism only once. However, he became one of the most illustrious despisers of religion and this has fuelled the common opinion that psychoaknalysis has an atheistic character. Psychoanalysts of all persuasions have gladly described themselves as atheists. They have approached the problem of atheism and have appropriated the philosophic, political and theological references concerning this question. Has this appropriation ended in the formation of a restricted and psychoanalytical notion of atheism? To answer this question, we identified the uses of the term atheism in the psychoanalytic literature. We looked at how psychoanalysts have contributed to knowledge about atheism.Our precise reading of the publications has allowed us to highlight the absence of a properly psychoanalytic sense of atheism. However, we were able to extract at least two main senses. The first one concerns atheistic thought. Psychoanalysts have frequently pointed out its incoherence and analyzed it as resulting from psychic conflicts. The second meaning refers to the atheist perspective of psychoanalysis, that is to say the inaugural separation between psychoanalysis and theism.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 17, 2012 - 2:57:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 23, 2018 - 5:58:09 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 16, 2016 - 12:11:02 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-00718535, version 1



Sandra Bancaud Bancaud-Besoin. L'athéisme des psychanalystes : les acceptions du terme athéisme dans la théorie psychanalytique. Psychologie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012TOU20020⟩. ⟨tel-00718535⟩



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