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Ressources et populations, réflexions sur la notion de

Abstract : This thesis tries to investigate a critical and somehow prohibited question : the relationship between global overpopulation and ecological realism. Following a multidisciplinary research, it suggests a reflection on the joint effect of consumption and deterioration of resources, renewable or not, due to the exponential growth of human population. The approach is threefold: firstly, diachronic (study of the Earth state since the 15e century, when, for the fist time, humans acquired the conscience of its closure and finiteness, in a defined place (Haiti)); secondly, diatopic (study of Earth damage, today, in different countries); thirdly, diacultural (study of various policies in managing resources and their ecological footprint). The thesis sketches a historical and comparative assessment of some technologies and their role in the destruction of the biosphere. Its definitive outcome is a proposition for a World Population Organization (WPO), a global governance instrument (like WHO, WTO, etc.) elaborating policies concerning the evolution of the human population on Earth. The thesis finishes by arguing for the need for replacing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by some "Universal Declaration of Humanity".
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 11, 2012 - 10:35:29 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 14, 2022 - 11:08:08 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 16, 2016 - 11:20:19 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-00740816, version 1


Jacques Lavaud. Ressources et populations, réflexions sur la notion de. Etudes de l'environnement. Télécom Bretagne, Université de Bretagne-Sud, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00740816⟩



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