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Rôle et devenir de PML lors de l’infection par l’EMCV

Abstract : PML and nuclear bodies (NBs) are implicated in antiviral defense. Indeed, our team showed that overexpression of PMLIII confers resistance to vesicular stomatitis virus, influenza virus, foamy virus but not to encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV). I have shown during my thesis that EMCV counteracts the antiviral effect of PMLIII by inducing its degradation in SUMO and proteasome-dependent way. However, cells derived from PML knockout mice are more susceptible to EMCV infection than wild-type cells. To determine the isoforme of PML implicated in this antiviral effect, I analysed the effect of the seven PML isoforms (PMLI-PMLVII) and I showed that only stable expression of PMLIV confers resistance to EMCV by sequestring the viral polymérase 3Dpol in PML Nbs. In addition, depletion of PMLIV boosted EMCV production in interferon-treated cells. These finding sindicate the mechanism by which PML confers resistance to EMCV and reveal a new pathway mediating the antiviral activity of interferon against EMCV.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 2, 2013 - 1:04:48 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 16, 2019 - 3:36:23 AM
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Mohamed Ali Maroui. Rôle et devenir de PML lors de l’infection par l’EMCV. Sciences agricoles. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA11T008⟩. ⟨tel-00783930⟩

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