>. #&-',, $. E&-(-#&-',, &. , #. $. #&-', and #. , (^;',s mises en oeuvre pour déterminer, +#&)$4%,-("5&& &, p.65

5. , =. , &. &+, &. #&-54=&-c, and &. #. %4-'d+, A priori, le lanceur à rails augmenté par son champ extérieur nécessite)*+#=& Pour analyser cette répartition, nous avons mis en oeuvre deux méthodes de simulation. La première utilise une approche circuit. Il s', )-(&64$/&$-,&%9%,&7*(,##,&:&+)&;4$8&6)/(*,#E& une partie électrique avec les bancs de condensateur qui fournissent l'énergie+#& )7,5& +"5)-*?$,& ?$*& (/)'$*(& +)& 5*-"%)(*?$, p.5

5. '. , #. ##, $. /. , $. , &. '. et al., & l'impulsion. A l'effet de peau lié au courant, s'ajoute un effet de peau lié au mouvement&'$&6/4@, &54$/)-(&,(&',#&"5<)$..,%,-(#=&B,#&'".)$(#&#4-(&',&

/. &. &+, #. , and /. &+, /&+)& montée en courant pour retrouver l'effet de peau.& Une méthode mise au point à l'ISL devait permettre de mesurer la répartition de 54$/)-(#&,-(/,&+,#& deux ponts Elle s'est révélée impraticable en raison des vitesses faibles du projectile liée#& :& $, des moyens d'essais était également limitée.& I4$#&)74-#&6*%$+)(*4-&et l'expérience est néanmoins intéressante&##,& :& +)& ;4$5<,=& K+& '4*(& .4$/-*/& $-,& *%6$+#*4-& ',& MNN& I#=& O, pp.74-80

/. &+, #. , &. /. , $. /. , #. +#&-*-4 et al., La solution du lanceur à rails augmenté mérite d'être approfondie. Deux pistes nous semblent *, V& 54-'$*(& :& $-,& ,..*5)5*("& %)8*%)+#&'*..*5$+("#& de connectique. D'autre part pour définir ces lois de commande, il faut améliorer les moyens de simulation et en particulier la simulation locale qui devrait fournir plus d'éléments constructifs par&#L-5</4-,&)7,5&+)&64#*(*4-&'$&6/4@,5(*+,=&& !"#$%&'(#)%"* +, p.664

%. $. #1, A8?*1*#%*3)$0*1#*1*8130*&)8#1, II20*:02%()#)08*1$0*)4;0J($13#*KD9L,.M*1"&*B=* )":08#)<1#)"<*41#0$)12*;$%;0$#)08*1#*7)<7*8#$1)"*$1#08*KN!9020$1#0* #70* ;$%C0(#)20*&'$)"<*)#8*#$1:02*)"*#70*B1$$02*%3*#70*<)<70$*#70*;$088'$0*)"*#70*(714B0$*)8?*#70*7)<70$*#70*B180* ;$088'$0* 1"&* #70* 1((020$1#)%"* F))4)#)"<*)#8*033)()0"(=* %"*#70*B1##203)02&-*E70*<'"*%3*1*4%&0$"*41)"*B1##20*#1"A*18*#70*R$0, p.20

8. $. and V. 928%, *1*4V+*81)2%$8*13#0$*1*80$)08*%3*(71, #%$)08*718*(%8#*#70*2)30*%3*41$:):1B)2)#=*%3*"1:=*87)#70*;$%;'28)%"*8=8#04?* $08'2#)"<*)"*1"*0H;2%8)%"?*18* F18*#70*(180*F)#7*#70*N*N7'##20*_71220"<0$*)"*.PZ^*KL`\Z^M-*E70*, pp.7-208

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T. , %. , #. , *. 8%, and %. .. %%-"-#7%, % 47*% *I'% &'6'% ?1%=% -*02, 2<4,*8% #18% 2,%17% #-*% 827+477*8%KT20'%&'&&M'%?1%%27%1.%92*)8%21728*%,"*% -#2)7%#18%%9).=%27%219)4*1+*8%<;%,"*%$-*7*1+*%.9%'%C"*%*99*+,2@*% %.9%-*02, pp.92-74, 2009.

8. , *. 8. %-;-*, and %. , #7%94));%$*1*, %A18%-*02.1% X%27%%27%9).=210%21%,"*%74-9#+*%.9%,"*%-#2)7%<4,%,"*%*99*+,%.9%2+*#<)*'%%, p.4

*. 992+2 and *. 1+, #1+*%-*74),7%21%)*77%Y.4)*%).77*7%#18%, 47%)*77%"*#,210%.9%,"*%+.1,#+,'%?1% !"#$%&'%()*+#01*,2+%3#2), p.41

#. $. , 2. ". 8%, and . =%-21%->20-'%-&-'&6, Also here a " C?shape " is present. The brushes are :*1,%:#+I<#-=9'%%C9%9".<1%21%>20'%&'&6':%,"29%-*94),9%21%#%+4--*1,%8).<210%21%, %=2-*+,2.1%.8%,"*%:*1,% :-49"%#1=%#%+.--*9$.1=210%*)*+#01*,2+%8.-+*% %<2,"%#%+./$.1*1,% %21%,"*%9".,%=2-*+, pp.1-1

*. %@, *. , %. 1. >%-*->>-*-+, 8. *. =%%>212, *. %. 1%-# et al., *1,% into the rails As the armature moves, it " sees " a fresh, cold part of the rails where the current diffusion 21, #2)8% "#8% 1.,% 8,#-,*=% ?*,'% 6"*% )2/2,8% 21% #% +4B9#@%=4210% 0#$% "#8% #%#1%,"*%8.)2=%$"#8*%#1=%%92))%>).9%>.-9#-=%21,.%,"*%+.)=<%8.)2=%-*02.1%9"2+"%28% then heated and melts. As a result a " melt wave " will travel from the back to the front of the armature, pp.2-2

2. 8%, *% -#2)8'% P>%, %>-.1,%.>%,"*%+.1,#+,%#1=%,"*%0#$%28%)#-0*%*1.40"%,-#182,2.1%92))%.++4-'%Y*1*-#))?<%,"*% !"#$%&'%()*+,-./#01*,2+%3#2), p.41

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8. =. %#%-/-",.-%qx%4%y-s%-#, /. *. , *. <%, /. %. , *. .. <% et al., %The sensor's operation is based on an *0*, #% D21;#0#+% 8*.87+% =#8*<% 70<% EUV(5HI'% (#8*%7:% /C7% =+98"*8% =*,.J% 8*+% =+98"'% 6"*B% -*#89+*% /"*% ;9++*./% <,8/+,=9/,7.%<9+,.J%/"*%:,+8/%@55%Y8%,.%#%-7A,.J%#+-#/9+*%C8%C#8%$+*8*./*<%,.%E1!W5@#I%#.<%E1!W5HI'%V/%,8%#%, pp.7-907

*. +%-+#, 0. , <. #. B%+#, 0. %+#, 0. '. et al., 2#=B2#=B, <%9@%/"*%$=0<*%@9+-,.B%.*/;9+DR%9.*%89,0%$*+%:#.DJ%9.*%89,0%@9+% /;9%:#.D<%#.>%;,/"9=/%89, p.0

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+. , #. /. , #. /. , 0. %. , 0. J%%-#-/-*-+ et al., Therefore muzzle voltage is an, A%, vol.8080, issue.0 9

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#. $. and /. 8%>a%, $! 8)9:*,;-66)06, H:+, p.40

>. *. , 7. , C. %%-+#, and 0. =. H%, /,on of the first measurement point can't be too close to, 7%0:9#/*6%#%9#$#9%7,C.#0%#.6%7% ;:+% STU!% #.6% STUT% =,/"% /=:% 9#$#9,/:+% >#.K7%, pp.97-104

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