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Characterization of a meiotic recombination hotspot in Arabidopsis thaliana

Abstract : Meiotic recombination initiated in prophase I of meiosis generates either crossovers (COs), which are reciprocal exchanges between chromosome segments, or gene conversion not associated to crossovers (NCOs). Both kinds of events occur in narrow regions (less than 10 kilobases) called hotspots, which are distributed non-homogenously along chromosomes. The aim of my PhD was the characterization of a hotspot of meiotic recombination (named 14a) in Arabidopsis thaliana (i) across different accessions (ii) in msh4 mutant, a gene involved in CO formation. In both ColxLer and ColxWs hybrids (i) 14a had a very high rate of COs 0.85% and 0.49%, respectively (ii) COs clustered in two small regions of a few kilobases, 14a1 and 14a2 with typical Gaussian curve distribution observed in other organisms (iii) 14a1 was also a hotspot of NCO with high rate (0.5%) in ColxLer (iv) a bias of recombination initiation at 14a1 CO and NCO hotspot was found in ColxLer. A reduction of CO frequency was observed in msh4 mutant in ColxLer background at 14a1 (6.4%) and 14a2 (18.7%) compared to wild type. This confirmed previously known role of MSH4 protein in CO formation. Frequency of NCO at 14a1 was similar to wild type. The role of putative Arabidopsis histone H3K4 trimethyltransferase in meiotic recombination as previously observed like Set1 in S.cerevisiae or PRDM9 in mammals (mice and human) was also studied. None of ten putative histone methyltransferase genes was involved in meiosis. This could be due to (i) a strong redundancy of function between gene products (ii) another histone methyltransferase in charge of labeling meiotic recombination hotspots (more than 29 putative histone methyltransferase have been identified in the Arabidopsis genome!) (iii) contrary to S. cerevisiae, mice and humans, another mechanism for epigenetic control of meiotic recombination
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  • HAL Id : tel-00800551, version 1



Hossein Khademian. Characterization of a meiotic recombination hotspot in Arabidopsis thaliana. Agricultural sciences. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112051⟩. ⟨tel-00800551⟩



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