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Nonlinear optical properties of nanostructures, photochromic and lanthanide complexes in solution

Abstract : Nonlinear optics is well known to be a highly powerful tool to investigate the properties of the materials. In this thesis we used two important nonlinear optical techniques known as Electric Field Induced Second Harmonic Generation (EFISH) and Harmonic Light Scattering (HLS) to study the first hyperpolarizability of various molecular objects. Firstly, we evidenced the pi donor conjugation in cyclometallated Ir complexes. We have also explored the series of trinuclear organometallic triaryl-1, 3, 5-triazinane-2, 4, 6-triones functionalized by d6-transition metal acetylides complexes at their periphery- large hyperpolarizabilities, far higher than those of related purely organic derivatives are reported. Secondly, a series of dipolar and octupolar dithienylethene (DTE)-containing 2, 2-bipyridine ligands with different metal ions featuring two, four and six photochromic dithienylethene units have been synthesized and fully characterized. The study reveals a large increase in the hyperpolarizability after UV irradiation and subsequent formation of ring-closed isomers. This efficient enhancement clearly reflects the delocalization of the pi-electron system and the formation of strong push&pull chromophores in the closed forms. Thirdly, we have investigated NLO properties of bis (phthalocyaninato) lanthanide-(III) double-decker complexes with crosswise ABAB (phthalocyanine bearing alternating electron-donor and electron-acceptor groups), AB3 (3 donor groups), A4 (4 donor groups) and B4 (no donor groups) ligands. First-order hyperpolarizability is measured and displays the highest quadratic hyperpolarizability ever reported for an octupolar molecule. The direct contribution of f-electrons in coordinated lanthanides ions is also observed on second order nonlinear activity. Finally, gold nanospheres (AuNSs) and gold nanorods (AuNRs) with different aspect ratios (AR) ranging from 1.7 to 3.2 nm have been synthesized by Radiolysis method. Second harmonic intensity collected from AuNRs is clearly higher than that of the nanospheres and reveals their dependence on the AR. We have also mixed the chromophore 4-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate (DAST) derivative with AuNRs and observed the enhancement of DAST NLO properties in the presence of AuNRs. A clear increase in the hyperpolarizability (by a factor of 8) of DAST derivatives has been evidence.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00826653, version 1

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Anu Singh. Nonlinear optical properties of nanostructures, photochromic and lanthanide complexes in solution. Other [cond-mat.other]. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012DENS0081⟩. ⟨tel-00826653⟩

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