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Synchronisation des systèmes chaotiques par observateurs et applications à la transmission d'informations

Abstract : In this thesis, we develop synchronization methods of chaotic systems for information transmission applications. The first proposed method is based on adaptive unknown input observers for a class of chaotic systems subject to parametric uncertainties and perturbations in their dynamics and noise in outputs signals (Channel communication noise). The developed method is based on adaptive techniques to compensate nonlinearities to compensate nonlinearities and parametric uncertainties and to reconstruct the transmitted messages. Furthermore, this approach is based on unknown input observers design to reject the influence of perturbations and noise. Then, we develop a second synchronization method using an adaptive ``sliding mode” observer for a class of chaotic systems subject to unknown inputs and such that the output equations are subject to noise. The observer design is based on sliding modes theory, descriptor observers design and adaptive control in order to join state and unknown input estimation despite the presence of noise in output equations. The latter synchronization approach is then exploited in a new secured communication scheme where the objective is to increase the number and amplitude of the transmitted messages, improve the level of security and the robustness to noise present in the communication channel. Moreover, the case of presence of transmission time-delays was investigated and a synchronization approach based on adaptive observers for a class of Lur’e systems with slope restricted nonlinearities and delayed outputs. Based on the Lyapunov-Krasovskii theory and using a persistency of excitation property, the proposed adaptive observer ensures master-slave synchronization and the reconstruction of the transmitted messages despite the existence of transmission time-delays. The obtained theoretical results in this thesis are verified through transmission information applications using different models of chaotic systems in different scenarios and case-studies which may occur in practice. Cryptanalysis and security aspects of the proposed communication systems are also investigated.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00856590, version 1

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Habib Dimassi. Synchronisation des systèmes chaotiques par observateurs et applications à la transmission d'informations. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI; Université de Tunis El Manar, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112255⟩. ⟨tel-00856590⟩

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