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Model-Driven Software Engineering for Virtual Machine Images Provisioning in Cloud Computing

Tam Le Nhan 1 
1 TRISKELL - Reliable and efficient component based software engineering
IRISA - Institut de Recherche en Informatique et Systèmes Aléatoires, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique
Abstract : The Cloud Computing Infastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) layer provides a service for on demand virtual machine images (VMIs) deployment. This service provides a flexible platform for cloud users to develop, deploy, and test their applications. The deployment of a VMI typically involves booting the image, installing and configuring the software packages. In the traditional approach, when a cloud user requests a new platform, the cloud provider selects an appropriate template image for cloning and deploying on the cloud nodes. The template image contains pre-installed software packages. If it does not fit the requirements, then it will be customized or the new one will be created from scratch to fit the request. In the context of cloud service management, the traditional approach faces the difficult issues of handling the complexity of interdependency between software packages, scaling and maintaining the deployed image at runtime. The cloud providers would like to automate this process to improve the performance of the VMIs provisioning process, and to give the cloud users more flexibility for selecting or creating the appropriate images while maximizing the benefits for providers intern of time, resources and operational cost. This thesis proposes an approach to manage the interdependency of the software packages, to model and automate the VMIs deployment process, to support the VMIs reconfiguration at runtime, called the Model-Driven approach. We particularly address the following challenges: (1) modeling the variability of virtual machine image configurations; (2) reducing the amount of data transfer through the network; (3) optimizing the power consumption of virtual machines; (4) easy-to-use for cloud users; (5) automating the deployment of VMIs; (6) supporting the scaling and reconfiguration of VMIs at runtime; (7) handling the complex deployment topology of VMIs. In our approach, we use Model-Driven Engineering techniques to model the abstraction representations of the VMI configurations, the deployment and the reconfiguration processes of virtual machine image. We consider the VMIs as a product line and use the feature models to represent the VMIs configurations. We also define the deployment, re-configuration processes and their factors (e.g. virtual machine images, software packages, platform, deployment topology, etc.) as the models. On the other hand, the Model-Driven approach relies on the high-level abstractions of the VMIs configuration and the VMIs deployment to make the management of virtual images in the provisioning process to be more flexible and easier than traditional approaches.
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Submitted on : Sunday, January 5, 2014 - 12:35:32 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 4, 2022 - 3:16:39 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00923811, version 1


Tam Le Nhan. Model-Driven Software Engineering for Virtual Machine Images Provisioning in Cloud Computing. Software Engineering [cs.SE]. Université Rennes 1, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00923811⟩



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