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L’autophagie dépendante du facteur de transcription NFκB : un mécanisme de réponse à l’hyperthermie et à l’agrégation protéique

Abstract : The heat shock response is a widely described defense mechanism during which the preferential expression of heat shock proteins (Hsps) helps the cell to recover from thermal damages such as protein denaturation/aggregation. We have previously reported that NFκB transcription factor is activated during the recovery period after heat shock. Thus, we aimed to analyze the consequences of NFκB activation during heat shock recovery, by comparing the heat shock response of NFκB competent and incompetent cells. We demonstrated that NFκB plays a major and crucial role during the heat shock response by activating autophagy, which increases the survival of heat-treated cells. Indeed, we observed that autophagy is not activated during heat shock recovery leading to an increased level of necrotic cell death in NFκB incompetent cells. Moreover, when autophagy is artificially induced in these cells, the heat shock cytotoxicity is turned back to normal. We showed that the key regulators of autophagy (mTOR complex, and class III PI3Kinase complex) are not regulated by NFκB after heat shock. In contrast, we observed that aberrantly folded/aggregated proteins accumulation is a prime event in the activation of NFκB -mediated autophagy. Moreover, NFκB -depleted cells accumulate higher levels of protein aggregates induced by either heat shock treatment or mutated form of HspB5, indicating that the protein quality control process seem to be altered in these cells. This alteration could be caused by a defect in BAG3-HspB8 complex formation in NFκB -depleted cells. We demonstrated that heat shock treatment induces a NFB-dependent overexpression of the bag3 and hspb8 genes. Moreover, the accumulation of BAG3-HspB8 complex in heat shocked NFκB -competent cells is inhibited by NFκB depletion. Our findings how / prove / highlight revealed that NFκB -induced autophagy during heat shock recovery is an additional response to protein denaturation/aggregation induced by heat shock. This process depends on the BAG3-HspB8 complex formation and increases cell survival, probably through clearance of aggregated proteins
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 9, 2014 - 4:03:08 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 2:32:25 AM
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Mathieu Nivon. L’autophagie dépendante du facteur de transcription NFκB : un mécanisme de réponse à l’hyperthermie et à l’agrégation protéique. Sciences agricoles. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011LYO10166⟩. ⟨tel-00926473⟩

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