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Mechanical contact for layered anisotropic materials using a semi-analytical method

Abstract : Fretting and wear are recurrent problems in the field of aeronautics. Contacts the blade / disk at the compressor or high-pressure turbine aircraft engines, for example, are subjected to high stresses at high temperatures. The challenge for manufacturers is to maximize the lifetime of these components and be able to predict crack initiation. To improve handling parts, coatings are used to protect them. Materials and their mechanical properties have a direct impact on the contact and the lifetime. The choice of materials, number of layers, the thickness of the order are therefore essential. By their composition (fibers, single crystals), elaboration (extrusion) or their mode of deposition, the hypothesis to consider homogeneous isotropic materials is too simplistic. Anisotropy is an important parameter to take into account in the design. Composite materials are increasingly used in the aeronautic. In this context, this thesis aims to study the behavior of anisotropic homogeneous materials, focusing on the influence of the main parameters mechanical characteristics of a material to better understand their effects. We focus on the Young's modulus (or modulus of elasticity), the module Coulomb (or shear modulus) and the Poisson's ratio, and values ​​in different directions. As expected, the Young's modulus in the direction normal to the contact plays an important role in determining the pressure profile. However, the influence of Young modulus in the plane tangent to the contact is not to neglect it also alters the shape of the contact area. The orientation of the material with respect to the contact is therefore a parameter to take into consideration, it can directly reduce or enhance the effect of Young's modulus in a direction privileged. The module Coulomb and Poisson's ratio were also analyzed. As a result they significantly affect the contact. These results are confirmed in the case of a coated solid, unlike the effects of coating and substrate can compensate. The impact properties of the coating will be even more important than it is thick. The scale of the contact relative to the materials used is also important on the pressure profiles. A comparison between the model anisotropic homogeneous and isotropic heterogeneous model have been performed. At mesoscopic scale, the composite is composed of a matrix with fibers that induce pressure peaks while at the macroscopic level, the composite material is seen as a homogeneous material, the pressure profiles are smoothed.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 31, 2014 - 6:12:32 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00940377, version 1

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Caroline Bagault. Mechanical contact for layered anisotropic materials using a semi-analytical method. Other. INSA de Lyon, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAL0014⟩. ⟨tel-00940377⟩

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