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Quand le grand ensemble devient patrimoine : Réflexions sur le devenir d'un héritage du logement social et la fabrication du patrimoine à partir de cas exemplaires en région stéphanoise.

Abstract : Taken as meaning both heritage and inheritance, the issue of patrimoine is of particular significance for France's grands ensembles (GE) today. This paper considers patrimoine as an original key to understanding institutional expectations for managing GE. At the same time, studying an unpopular subject such as the GE allows for reflections on the processes by which heritage comes to be defined (with its various issues and contradictions). With this aim, the research examines exemplary, precusory and contrasting GE in southeastem Saint-Etienne, particularly the Beaulieu and Montchovet GE.Differing strategies led to two contrasting GE: Beaulieu was destined for a large population of salaried employees;Montchovet is a depreciated GE, reoriented in the 80s for the most impoverished and immigrant populations.A local plan commissioned in 2000 by the city council and the social housing agency and carried out by the French urban renewal agency, uses these assessments to recommend the demolition of Montchovet and the reinforcement of Beaulieu. These operations are emblematic of a progressive retum to the roots of the social housing movement.By being promoted as patrimoine (notarial and architectural heritage and inheritance), sorne GE like Beaulieu become established as models that can redefine social housing stock and the population who left during the 70s-80s.But this project also erases the histories of the poor and immigrants at the same time as conservation in the name of architectural specificities becomes contradict my (gentrification, uses going against social housing principles).
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Submitted on : Friday, March 28, 2014 - 2:37:40 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00967382, version 1

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Rachid Kaddour. Quand le grand ensemble devient patrimoine : Réflexions sur le devenir d'un héritage du logement social et la fabrication du patrimoine à partir de cas exemplaires en région stéphanoise.. Histoire. Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Etienne, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013STET2168⟩. ⟨tel-00967382⟩

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