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Action publique et société rurale dans la gestion des forêts marocaines : changement social et efficacité environnementale

Abstract : Over the last two decades, the numerous failures of centralised politics which have been witnessed in the management of natural resources, as well as the mounting credi- bility of local, traditional, management doctrines, have prompted a number of countries to reorientate their modes of public intervention so as to involve these rural communi- ties in the implementation of new modes of environmental management. This is the case with Moroccan forestry management. Despite the recent succession of buzzwords, very little research has carried out a symmetrical analysis of the customary, community modes of management, and the practices of the forestry administration, and the relationship between them. In a depar- ture from the neo-institutionalist perspective, this thesis draws upon the strategic analy- sis of environmental management and the actor-network theory in order to construct an original research approach. This approach, on one hand, fixes as an external reference of the analysis the ecological quality of the ecosystems affected by the management; and on the other hand, it tries to identify the various mediators linking the different sites in which forestry resources management is negociated and carried out. On the basis of considerable empirical research, this thesis will first demonstrate how the Moroccan Forestry Administration has selectively reinterpreted the injunctions to participation and to community management, brought to an international level, in an attempt to reinvent its relationship with rural populations. The administration is cur- rently attempting to organise them into associations in order to negotiate restricted ac- cess to natural resources in exchange for development operations. These associations are supposedly founded upon ancient tribal societies, with the aim of modernising these traditional institutions while at the same time using their legitimacy in matters of natural resource management. However, the thesis demonstrates how as- sociations, and tribal structures are two very different forms of collective, which coexist most of the time; the former cannot be considered to be a modern form of the latter. The negotiations conducted between the forestry administration and rural populations, via the constitution of these associations, gives rise to two distinct forums for negotia- tion: whilst the representatives of these associations negotiate new rules of access to forestry resources and development action, with forestry administration officers, the majority of farmers are continuing to exploit the forest in very much the same way as before, in particular, by informal arrangements with forestry administration fieldwork- ers. In this context of a forestry administration weakened in terms of its means, and its legitimacy, the real consequences on forestry resources management are limited, and the possibilities for improving the condition of forestry ecosystems appear to be frail.
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https://theses.hal.science/tel-00987319
Contributor : Pierre-Marie Aubert Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 7, 2014 - 2:54:09 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:11 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 10:45:17 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00987319, version 1

Citation

Pierre-Marie Aubert. Action publique et société rurale dans la gestion des forêts marocaines : changement social et efficacité environnementale. Sociologie. AgroParisTech, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00987319⟩

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