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Evaluation des solutions d'encapsulation quasi-hermétique pour les composants actifs hyperfréquences

Abstract : Microwave devices for satellite applications are encapsulated in hermetic packages as metal or ceramic housings. The strong improvement of organic materials, especially outgassing and ionic impurity characteristics, makes it possible to use them as non-hermetic packaging solutions for space environment. Plastic encapsulations open proven gain perspectives of miniaturization and cost. The validation of an encapsulation technology is based on the achievement of standard reliability tests, typically 1000 hours at 85°C and 85% of relative humidity. Such tests are applicable regardless of the mission storage profile, devices and packaging technology. Moreover, the conditions of these tests are not clearly defined, e.g. the application or not of a strong electric field to the component. Yet this single parameter becomes dominant when the conditions are met to allow corrosion mechanisms, e.g. by the presence of condensed water and ionic contamination. This thesis focused on understanding the failure mechanisms that can occur during accelerated aging tests in high temperature and high humidity environment. For this work, a methodology has been implemented to establish DC electrical signatures of two different AsGa MMIC technologies. These tests were replicated on components with and without encapsulation by a silica-filled epoxy resin, dispensed by the dam-and-fill process. Thus, it was possible to distinguish failures due to the intrinsic degradation of the components from the effective protection or not of the plastic encapsulation. In parallel, the behavior of resin samples under different moist and heat atmospheres has been tested and a modeling was proposed to predict their moisture uptake. Concerning the effect of the dam-and-fill encapsulation technology, the results were contradictory and dependent of components batch. These results are to balance by the relatively limited size of the sampling for each test series, with and without encapsulation. Indeed, for the representative technology of this work, the presence of dam&fill encapsulation on a first batch of components has tended on one hand not to avoid nor even to delay the appearance of electric leakage, and on the other hand to aggravate these damages in the point to lead to failures in most of cases. Furthermore, doubts remain on the quality of this batch, especially regarding the passivation. For a second batch of devices with the same technology, an improvement of the humidity resistance was observed for encapsulated devices, compared to bare devices. In the failure analysis process of encapsulated devices, it is not possible to access directly to the observation of a defect at its surface. We therefore sought an alternative to overcome the problems represented by the encapsulating materials. A new approach was proposed. It combined infrared thermography method in hot spot mode, X-ray imaging and optical observations. We first located the defect from the front side of the encapsulated device. Then, the transparency of the AsGa substrate allowed infrared observations by the back side of the component. A relatively rapid and simple methodology was proposed and its feasibility demonstrated.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 31, 2013 - 10:27:09 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:21:09 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, February 1, 2014 - 4:25:47 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00991023, version 2

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Walim Ben Naceur. Evaluation des solutions d'encapsulation quasi-hermétique pour les composants actifs hyperfréquences. Autre. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013BOR14793⟩. ⟨tel-00991023v2⟩

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