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Impact de l'utilisation de la technologie RFID sur la performance d'une Supply Chain intégrant le transport

Abstract : This research studies the contributions of the application of RFID technology in transport and to evaluate the impact of this integration on the performance of the Global Supply Chain. We put a special focus on the importance of providing continuous traceability in a complex environment where reactive decisions must be made following the occurrence of uncertain events. We analyse the suitability of implementing RFID technology in picking, loading, routing and unloading processes, while highlighting how the Supply Chain reacts to the different hazards that products can face during their transfer to customers. To measure the impact of the integration of RFID on the performance of the Supply Chain, we adopt a simulation-based approach to enable a quantitative comparison between a real system adopting barcode technology and the changes that occur when this evolves into a system equipped with RFID technology. We simulate three scenarios: barcodes, RFID on pallets, RFID on boxes. We choose the modeling tools that describe the various processes of the supply chain and take into account the time dimension and the dynamic aspect. We model the process of Supply Chain using the SCOR model and the UML activity diagram. We describe later various changes affecting the structure due to the introduction of RFID technology. The proposed models are the basis for the evaluation of performance. We integrate these models in simulation software ARENA and simulate the three scenarios presented above: (Barcode, RFID on pallet and RFID on boxes. We compare the three scenarios by presenting two models. In the first, we assumed that the product’s customer shipments were done correctly without any error observed. The usefulness of this stage was that it tested the robustness of the model being simulated. Our second model randomly introduced events that might occur when products were transferred to customers. The aim here was to assess how the transport chain behaved in this kind of situation, and to measure performance achieved with and without system automation. We evaluate the impact of using technology on performance by measuring some indicators from the SCOR model and directly impacted by the use of technology RFID: responsiveness, flexibility and utilisation of resources.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 28, 2014 - 10:43:53 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 21, 2021 - 2:16:01 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, August 28, 2014 - 11:46:05 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-00997439, version 1


Sakina Brahim-Djelloul. Impact de l'utilisation de la technologie RFID sur la performance d'une Supply Chain intégrant le transport. Autre. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ECAP0023⟩. ⟨tel-00997439⟩



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