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Extraction d'Information Non Supervisée à Partir de Textes – Extraction et Regroupement de Relations entre Entités

Wei Wang 1 
1 LVIC - Laboratoire Vision et Ingénierie des Contenus
DIASI - Département Intelligence Ambiante et Systèmes Interactifs : DRT/LIST/DIASI
Abstract : Unsupervised information extraction in open domain gains more and more importance recently by loosening the constraints on the strict definition of the extracted information and allowing to design more open information extraction systems. In this new domain of unsupervised information extraction, this thesis focuses on the tasks of extraction and clustering of relations between entities at a large scale. The objective of relation extraction is to discover unknown relations from texts. A relation prototype is first defined, with which candidates of relation instances are initially extracted with a minimal criterion. To guarantee the validity of the extracted relation instances, a two-step filtering procedures is applied: the first step with filtering heuristics to remove efficiently large amount of false relations and the second step with statistical models to refine the relation candidate selection. The objective of relation clustering is to organize extracted relation instances into clusters so that their relation types can be characterized by the formed clusters and a synthetic view can be offered to end-users. A multi-level clustering procedure is design, which allows to take into account the massive data and diverse linguistic phenomena at the same time. First, the basic clustering groups similar relation instances by their linguistic expressions using only simple similarity measures on a bag-of-word representation for relation instances to form high-homogeneous basic clusters. Second, the semantic clustering aims at grouping basic clusters whose relation instances share the same semantic meaning, dealing with more particularly phenomena such as synonymy or more complex paraphrase. Different similarities measures, either based on resources such as WordNet or distributional thesaurus, at the level of words, relation instances and basic clusters are analyzed. Moreover, a topic-based relation clustering is proposed to consider thematic information in relation clustering so that more precise semantic clusters can be formed. Finally, the thesis also tackles the problem of clustering evaluation in the context of unsupervised information extraction, using both internal and external measures. For the evaluations with external measures, an interactive and efficient way of building reference of relation clusters proposed. The application of this method on a newspaper corpus results in a large reference, based on which different clustering methods are evaluated.
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Wei Wang. Extraction d'Information Non Supervisée à Partir de Textes – Extraction et Regroupement de Relations entre Entités. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA112059⟩. ⟨tel-00998391⟩

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