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Etude de l’adjuvantation de pâtes cimentaires par différents polycarboxylates : la mésostructure : un lien entre interactions organo-minérales et propriétés macroscopiques

Abstract : Superplasticizers are admixtures developed to give the cementitious materials greater fluidity for the same water to cement ratio (w/c), promoting the particles dispersion. Many studies were conducted to deepen the understanding of their mode of action. Usually, they connect directly the amount adsorbed with the rheological behavior of the materials in which they are incorporated. However, at an intermediate scale, mesostructurale organization of the cement paste controls not only its fluidity, but also its homogeneity and physicochemical stability.This work focuses on a new generation of superplasticizers: polycarboxylates (PCE). A multi-scale experimental approach has been developed by integrating mesostructural characteristics of cement paste to make the link between the organo-mineral interactions, particularly PCE adsorption, and the macroscopic properties (sedimentation and rheological behavior). Identification and granular characterization of cement paste was discussed, at the level of the particle, by a morpho-granulometric approach. Dispersion indices were defined to quantify the influence of PCE on mesostructural organization of particles (unit particles or agglomerates). In a second step, the evolution of this organization has been studied by analysis of sedimentation columns. A phase separation index has been defined, highlighting the existence of stability ranges as a function of the dosage and molecular structure of the PCE incorporated.Linking these observations with study of organo-mineral interactions has allowed to deepen the understanding of the mode of action and influence of PCE. This analytical approach is a potential tool to the development of innovative superplasticizers.
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Caroline Autier. Etude de l’adjuvantation de pâtes cimentaires par différents polycarboxylates : la mésostructure : un lien entre interactions organo-minérales et propriétés macroscopiques. Autre. Université Montpellier II - Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013MON20061⟩. ⟨tel-00998616⟩

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