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Androgen Signaling in Sertoli Cells

Abstract : Sertoli cells (SC) have essential roles in the androgen regulation of spermatogenesis, via the androgen receptor (AR)-mediated signaling. This work aimed at identifying the molecular mechanisms related to the androgenic regulation of the AR and its molecular partners in Sertoli cells during different testicular developmental stages. We first characterized and studied a novel murine mature immortalized Sertoli cell line, called ST38c, which harbors substantial expression of endogenous AR, conserves its androgen-dependent transcriptional activation and exhibits agonist-dependent transcriptional and posttranslational regulation, as well as posttranslational stability.We used this cellular model in order to test the hypothesis that anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH) suppression in mature Sertoli cells would be directly androgen and AR mediated.Next, we hypothesized that the physiological androgen resistance in the neonate would also be related to the differential expression of several AR coregulators. Therefore, we analysed the differential expression and contribution of two AR co-regulators (SRC-2 and HBO1) during human testicular ontogeny, as well as in pathologies associated with androgen action or AR impairment (such as androgen insensitivity syndromes, congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism).Using in vitro transfection assays, we showed that SRC-2 is an AR coactivator while HBO1 is an AR corepressor in Sertoli cell models. We provided the cartography of SRC-2 and HBO1 expression during human testicular postnatal different stages and showed that SRC-2 presented a stable expression contrasting with the progressive evolution profile of the AR signaling, suggesting that Sertoli SRC-2 expression was independent of the androgen signaling. Interestingly, HBO1 and AR presented a temporal and positively correlated maturation profile, suggesting that HBO1 expression would be related to a functional AR signaling in the Sertoli cell. Moreover HBO1 expression is induced by androgens in the presence of the AR. Unlike SRC-2, HBO1 is not only expressed in Sertoli cells, but also in spermatogonia, being an interesting germ cell marker.Finally, we also studied AR and AMH immunoexpression in posptubertal cases of 5-α reductase type 2 deficiency and minimal androgen receptor resistance, in respect with the spermatogenesis status of seminiferous tubules, and androgen induced AMH suppression in order to assess the differential contribution of testosterone versus dihydrotestosterone and gather more information about the fertility perspectives in this particular pathologies.
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https://theses.hal.science/tel-01079444
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Submitted on : Sunday, November 2, 2014 - 1:06:57 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 18, 2022 - 3:30:12 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 14, 2017 - 12:32:50 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01079444, version 1

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Lavinia Vija. Androgen Signaling in Sertoli Cells. Human health and pathology. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014PA11T031⟩. ⟨tel-01079444⟩

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