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Vulnérabilité et perception face aux tremblements de terre en France, 1650-1850

Abstract : This thesis of history is ultimately the improvement of the methodologies of hazard based on macroseismic data in the case ofhistorical earthquakes. To this end, the effort of basic research, as well as the analysis of the vulnerability of societies of the past to natural hazards involves the creation and the use of methodological tools applicable to historical earthquakes (historical criticism, lexicon, and mapping). The thesis consists into two parts at once distinct and indivisible: firstly the old vulnerability to earthquakes, secondly the vulnerability of ancient buildings.Mixing the context of the available documents with a robust and thin archival research allows integrating the behavior of affected ommunities.Selected time-series terminals correspond to the development of the press and the birth of modern science a hand, entering the era of the Industrial Revolution on the other. This choice is also motivated by the limited availability and more complex analysis of the documents for the period preceding the 17th century and the birth of Seismology for the second part of the 19th century.Three case studies (Bigorre, 1660; Manosque, 1708; Entre-Deux-Mers, 1759) allow exploring many leads of research leading to a better apprehension, analysis and interpretation of historical documents by theuse of tools specifically created for this purpose.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 27, 2017 - 3:56:09 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 14, 2022 - 9:05:59 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, June 28, 2017 - 3:03:13 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01496525, version 1


Thibault Fradet. Vulnérabilité et perception face aux tremblements de terre en France, 1650-1850. Histoire. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLV135⟩. ⟨tel-01496525⟩



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