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Relations entre Mesures Non Médicamenteuses et Pression Artérielle. Analyse des données de l’étude NutriNet-Santé

Hélène Lelong 1 
1 CRESS - U1153 - Equipe 3: EREN- Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle
UP13 - Université Paris 13, INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique : UMR1125, CNAM - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM], CRESS (U1153 / UMR_A_1125 / UMR_S_1153) - Centre de Recherche Épidémiologie et Statistique Sorbonne Paris Cité
Abstract : Hypertension is the most prevalent chronic disease in the world and lifestyle behaviors, namely adherence to a healthy diet (rich in fruits and vegetables and with reduced consumption of salt), maintain of normal weight, regular physical activity and limitation of alcohol, for its prevention and control are recommended within worldwide guidelines. Our aim was to study the relationship between those recommended lifestyle behaviors and first blood pressure level and second risk of incident hypertension, through cross-sectional and prospective analyses using data from the NutriNet-Santé study, a French web-based cohort. Our results reported significant associations between body mass index, fruits and vegetables and alcohol consumption, and physical activity; confirmed the association of several nutritional factors and incident hypertension and highlighted that adopting a global healthy diet could strongly contribute to the prevention of hypertension. Moreover, adhere to all the recommended lifestyle behaviors could reduce the hypertension risk of half or at least delay the new onsets of hypertension.
Keywords : Healthy diet
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Hélène Lelong. Relations entre Mesures Non Médicamenteuses et Pression Artérielle. Analyse des données de l’étude NutriNet-Santé. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCD081⟩. ⟨tel-02377500⟩

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