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Photosensibilisateurs pour la thérapie photodynamique (PDT) des cancers : impact des modifications structurales sur leur interaction avec des membranes

Abstract : Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is atreatment modality in which a photosensitizer(PSr) is injected to a patient. Then the tumor isilluminated with a laser. The excited PSrinduces the production of cytoxic singletoxygen. Our collaborators at the Institut Curiehave synthesized glycoconjugated tetraphenylporphyrins(TPP) for the treatment ofretinoblastoma by PDT. These compoundswere characterized in vitro and studies showedthat the most promising porphyrin crossed thecell membrane by passive transport. It is in thiscontext that this research was developed: theobjective was to study the interaction of aseries of porphyrins with membrane lipids.Firstly, porphyrin interaction with lipids wasstudied by a chromatographic approach onC18/C8, PolarTec, HILIC and IAM columns.Results showed a variation in the interactionaccording to porphyrin structures.Then, we demonstrated the effect of two TPPson phospholipid bilayers organization by DSC,and determined the localization of thisinteraction (polar heads or lipid aliphaticchains) by FTIR-ATR. The effect of TPPs onlipids and proteins was studied at the cellularlevel by IR microspectroscopy coupled withsynchrotron radiation. A discrimination ofporphyrins could be made by chemometrictools for Y79 cells but not for WERI-Rb1 norARPE-19 ones. In order to develop an artificialmembrane model, we performed lipidomicanalysis by mass spectrometry (Orbitrap) ofplasma and mitochondrial lipid membranes ofY79 and ARPE-19 cells. We determined theviscoelastic properties of lipid extracts andproposed an artificial lipid model partiallymimicking these viscoelastic properties. Thismodel could allow TPP screening in vitro.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02426229, version 1

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Donia Essaid. Photosensibilisateurs pour la thérapie photodynamique (PDT) des cancers : impact des modifications structurales sur leur interaction avec des membranes. Chimie analytique. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLS042⟩. ⟨tel-02426229⟩

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