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L’existence des corps chez Strawson, Hume et Reid : généalogie d’un traitement naturaliste du scepticisme

Abstract : Starting with a distinction between the motives for, the suggestion of external world skepticism, and the demand for a proof or demonstration of the existence of bodies, we first try to analyse the naturalist response to skepticism, as defined and endorsed by Peter Strawson, asking to what category it must belong in order to be maximally efficient. Identifying it to a concessive theoretical diagnosis (part 1), we then question Strawson’s claim that his naturalist treatement of external world skepticism can also be found in Hume as well as in Reid. Underlying Hume’s endeavours to define a mitigated skepticism as the correction of the undistinguished doubts of excessive skepticim by common sense and reflection (part 2), we are led to see how closer is Reid’s criticism of skepticism and defence of common sense realism, in their own context, to Strawson’s epistemic naturalism (part 3).
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 31, 2021 - 3:10:07 PM
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Benoît Gide. L’existence des corps chez Strawson, Hume et Reid : généalogie d’un traitement naturaliste du scepticisme. Philosophie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA01H200⟩. ⟨tel-03186962⟩

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