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Du conflit armé aux conflits mémoriels : les femmes mayas ixil et la reconstruction sociale post-génocide au Guatemala

Abstract : The author studies the spaces in which Mayan ixil women (Guatemala) mobilize the memory of the genocide of the early 1980s. Her work is based on a one-year ethnographic investigation during which she explored various statuses and methods, allowing her to access networks of people with varied profiles. The first part of this work questions the effects of the memory of the genocide in the current ixil social structure. The author is also interested in the phenomenon of rape as a weapon of war and the creation of a narrative in a court of law. The second part of this thesis focuses on the individual memory of the conflict by analyzing the spaces of narration, and by studying the physical character of the traumatic memory. The last part of this thesis takes as its common thread a ritual theater performance in order to understand how the memory of the conflict is inscribed in a long temporality, while highlighting the use of the memory of the genocide by contemporary activist and feminist networks. By approaching the genocide as a brutal social fact, the author proposes to study memory as a dynamic process and as a fracture point that deeply divides ixil society. Several themes run through this work in order to better define the concept of traumatic memory, such as the questions of public and private speech, or the notions of speech and silence. All of these questions help to highlight the deeply conflicting nature of the memory of the internal armed conflict in the ixil region. The author proposes to reflect on the different ways of individual and collective resilience in a post-genocide context.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 22, 2022 - 5:25:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 12, 2022 - 3:17:11 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03649650, version 1

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Coralie Morand. Du conflit armé aux conflits mémoriels : les femmes mayas ixil et la reconstruction sociale post-génocide au Guatemala. Sociologie. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021PA100131⟩. ⟨tel-03649650⟩

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