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Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2024

Earthquake energy dissipation in a fracture mechanics framework

Abstract

Abstract Earthquakes are rupture-like processes that propagate along tectonic faults and cause seismic waves. The propagation speed and final area of the rupture, which determine an earthquake’s potential impact, are directly related to the nature and quantity of the energy dissipation involved in the rupture process. Here, we present the challenges associated with defining and measuring the energy dissipation in laboratory and natural earthquakes across many scales. We discuss the importance and implications of distinguishing between energy dissipation that occurs close to and far behind the rupture tip, and we identify open scientific questions related to a consistent modeling framework for earthquake physics that extends beyond classical Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics.
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hal-04600262 , version 1 (04-06-2024)

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David S Kammer, Gregory C Mclaskey, Rachel E Abercrombie, Jean-Paul Ampuero, Camilla Cattania, et al.. Earthquake energy dissipation in a fracture mechanics framework. Nature Communications, 2024, 15 (1), pp.4736. ⟨10.1038/s41467-024-47970-6⟩. ⟨hal-04600262⟩
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