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Le second peuple de Nantes au XVIIIe siècle : environnements du quotidien et interactions sociales.

Abstract : For the intellectuals and lexicographers officiating under the Ancien Regime, the people of France was then not one but many. At the heart of urban space, excluding the population of beggars and vagabonds, the at once most numerous and least well regarded part of this people groups together unqualified day laborers, those working on the land or more or less qualified but not dependent on a corporate framework, domestic workers in the broadest sense of the word, factory workers, journeymen and juniors in the legal profession and all "roomworkers" toiling in contravention of the statutes of the guilds. This population that we identify under the name of the "second people" is characterized by a life of its members mostly lived in everyday poverty, a more or less well defined and strong insertion in the heart of urban society and an entry without any official form of horizontal organization of work. A focus on three major segments of the existence of the second people of the city of Nantes in the last century of absolute monarchy, be it community life, material consumption or work activity, is able to reveal some essential features of the individuals which make it up: the central role of the feminine element, the importance of the concepts of travel and geographic location, the strength of connections and neighborhood solidarity, sometimes stormy relations with authority and the frugality of the material environment of daily life.
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Contributor : Vincent Danet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2012 - 12:57:09 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 24, 2022 - 11:16:06 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, December 15, 2016 - 12:12:42 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00618841, version 2


Vincent Danet. Le second peuple de Nantes au XVIIIe siècle : environnements du quotidien et interactions sociales.. Histoire. Université de Nantes, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00618841v2⟩



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