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Étude par la TEP au [18F]MPPF des récepteurs cérébraux sérotoninergiques 5-HT1A dans l’épilepsie du lobe temporal

Abstract : In patients suffering from epilepsy, no neuroimaging method has proved able to delineate the epileptogenic zone (EZ), which is defined by the area of cortex required to generate the epileptic seizures. About one third of patient suffering from temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE) are not seizure free after surgery after removal of the cortical area supposed to included the EZ according to the presurgical evaluation. Data from previous studies carried out in our departement suggested that decreases of the [18F]MPPF binding potential (BPND) correlated, at the group level, with cortical epileptogenicity. Our aim was to validate the relevance of [18F]MPPF PET at the individual level for identifying the EZ in TLE. In a first study, the [18F]MPPF PET of 42 patients suffering from TLE were visually and statistically analyzed and compared with [18F]FDG PET, which were performed in the same group of patients during their presurgical evaluation. In a second study, we developed a voxel based analysis of asymmetry index (AI) of [18F]MPPF binding and compared the sensibility and specificity of this method to those of conventional SPM analysis of [18F]MPPF PET data. This second study was carried out in 24 patients, who have been operated and remained seizure-free after surgery. Two statistical thresholds (p< 0.05 corrected at the voxel level and p< 0.05 corrected at the cluster level) were used for each method. In a last study, the correlation between the depressive symptoms and the BPND of [18F]MPPF was studied in 24 patients suffering from TLE. These three studies lead to the following conclusions: i) [18F]MPPF PET is more performant than [18F]FDG PET for identifying the epileptogenic lobe in patients suffering from TLE, ii) AI analysis with a statistical threshold of p< 0.05 corrected at the cluster is the method of analysis of [18F]MPPF PET that allowed EZ identification with the best sensitivity [96%] and specificity [88%] in TLE, iii) at the group level, depressive symptoms positively correlate with an increase of the BPND of [18F]MPPF BPND within the raphe nuclei and the insula controlateral to the EZ.
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Adrien Didelot. Étude par la TEP au [18F]MPPF des récepteurs cérébraux sérotoninergiques 5-HT1A dans l’épilepsie du lobe temporal. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LYO10104⟩. ⟨tel-00705810⟩

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