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Physico-chimie des atomcules d'hélium antiprotonique : modélisation de processus réactifs en présence d'antimatière

Abstract : About 3% of antiprotons (p) stopped in helium are long-lived with microsecond lifetimes, against picoseconds in all other materials. This unusuallongevity has been ascribed to the trapping of p on metastable bound states in pHe+ helium atom-molecules thus named atomcules. Apart from their unique dual structure investigated by laser spectroscopy - a near-circular quasi-classical Rydberg atom with l ~ n - l ~ 37 or a special diatomic molecule with a negatively charged p nucleus in high rotational state with J = l - the chemical physics aspects of their interaction with other atoms or molecules constitute an interesting topic for molecular physics. While atomcules may resist to million collisions in helium, molecular contaminants such as H2 are likely to destroy them in a single one, down to very low temperatures. In the Born-Oppenheimer framework, we interpret the molecular interaction obtained by ab initio quantum chemical calculations in terms of classical reactive channels, with activation barriers accounting for the experiments carried out in He and H2 . From classical trajectory Monte Carlo simulations, we show that the thermalization stage strongly quenches initial populations, thus reduced to a recovered 3 % trapping fraction. Alternatively, we investigate the reactive association of pHe+ with e+e- in a classical trajectory approach for nuclei: we predict antihydrogen synthesis with 10 % branching ratio and a new class of metastable atomcules (alpha,p, e+, 2e-), which could be confirmed by spectroscopy. This work illustrates the pertinence of chemical physics concepts to the study of exotic processes involving antimatter. New insights into the physico-chemistry of cold interstellar radicals are anticipated.
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https://theses.hal.science/tel-00723785
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 14, 2012 - 8:57:31 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 11:09:18 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 16, 2016 - 6:20:33 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00723785, version 1

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Sebastien Sauge. Physico-chimie des atomcules d'hélium antiprotonique : modélisation de processus réactifs en présence d'antimatière. High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena [astro-ph.HE]. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2000. English. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-00723785⟩

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