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Predictive analysis of dynamical systems: combining discrete and continuous formalisms

Madalena Chaves 1 
1 BIOCORE - Biological control of artificial ecosystems
LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Abstract : The mathematical analysis of dynamical systems covers a wide range of challenging problems related to the time evolution, transient and asymptotic behavior, or regulation and control of physical systems. A large part of my work has been motivated by new mathematical questions arising from biological systems, especially signaling and genetic regulatory networks, where the classical methods usually don't directly apply. Problems include parameter estimation, robustness of the system, model reduction, or model assembly from smaller modules, or control of a system towards a desired state. Although many different formalisms and methodologies can be used to study these problems, in the past decade my work has focused on discrete and hybrid modeling frameworks with the goal of developing intuitive, computationally amenable, and mathematically rigorous, methods of analysis. Discrete (and, in particular, Boolean) models involve a high degree of abstraction and provide a qualitative description of the systems' dynamics. Such models are often suitable to represent the known interactions in gene regulatory networks and their advantage is that a large range of theoretical analysis tools are available using, for instance, graph theoretical concepts. Hybrid (piecewise affine) models have discontinuous vector fields but provide a continuous and more quantitative description of the dynamics. These systems can be analytically studied in each region of an appropriate partition of the state space, and the full solution given as a concatenation of the solutions in each region. Here, I will introduce the two formalisms and then, using several examples, illustrate how a combination of different formalisms permits comparison of results, as well as gaining quantitative knowledge and predictive power on a biological system, through the use of complementary mathematical methods.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 25, 2013 - 3:00:29 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00908927, version 1

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Madalena Chaves. Predictive analysis of dynamical systems: combining discrete and continuous formalisms. Dynamical Systems [math.DS]. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2013. ⟨tel-00908927⟩

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