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Métabolisme et toxinogénèse de Bacillus cereus : rôles de l’enzyme fermentaire LdhA et du régulateur rédox Rex

Abstract : Bacillus cereus is a widespread bacteria. Some strains are responsible of food-borne classified as emetic and diarrhoel syndromes. To colonize such environment and induce diarrhea, B. cereus must be able to grow in the various oxidoreduction potential and oxygenation conditions encountered in the gastrointestinal tract and to secrete toxins. By comparing the catabolic capacities of four strains of the B. cereus group grown under anoxic and oxic conditions in relation to their capacities for expressing Non hemolytoc enterotoxin (Nhe), we identified Lactate dehydrogenase A (LdhA) as both involved in the fermentative metabolism of B. cereus and toxinogenesis. We showed that disruption of ldhA affected the fermentative capacity of anaerobically grown F4430/73 cells and the expression of several enterotoxin genes under both anaerobiosis and aerobiosis. To determine whether the observed effect in the toxins expression was indirect and dependant of Rex, a rex mutant was built. The characterization of this mutant revealed the role of Rex in the metabolism of B. cereus, oxidative stress and toxins production. Rex could be a transcription factor controlling the expression of genes encoding enterotoxins. Ability of DNA binding is dependant on the ratio of NAD+/NADH. To determine whether LdhA could directly regulate the expression of toxins genes, LdhA was expressed in E. coli and purified as a fusion protein. The first gel retardation experiments have failed to demonstrate fixation of LdhA in the promoter regions of toxins
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Sabrina Laouami. Métabolisme et toxinogénèse de Bacillus cereus : rôles de l’enzyme fermentaire LdhA et du régulateur rédox Rex. Sciences agricoles. Université d'Avignon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012AVIG0325⟩. ⟨tel-00921771⟩

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