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Au carrefour des influences : Yahya Kemal et la modernité de la poésie turque

Abstract : This thesis aims to look at the poetry of Yahya Kemal who has lived at a period corresponding to the fall of the Ottoman Empire and to the fondation of the Turkish Republic, at a time when the problems of modernity, occidental and oriental identities intensely occupy the Turkish intellectual climate through the angle of influence. Yahya Kemal is considered to be, together with Ahmet Haşim, the founder of modern Turkish poetry. The first part of the thesis intends to interpret modernity from the viewpoint of the notion of ‘being’ (devenir) advanced by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari. In the second part, the position of Baudelaire as the founder of modern occidental poetry is once again treated in the frame of certain notions put forward by Deleuze and Guattari. These notions are the following : ‘and’ (et), ‘being’ (devenir), ‘signifying regime’ (régime signifiant), ‘post-signifying regime’ (régime post-signifiant) and ‘disjunctive synthesis’ (synthèse disjonctive). In this part, first the reflections on Yahya Kemal of the critical approach of Baudelaire, and second, the ‘being modern’ of Yahya Kemal’s poetry are treated through certain notions put forward to define modern poetry. These are ‘lyricism’, ‘obscurity’ and ‘intertextuality’. These notions will show clearly that the ‘being modern’ of poetry is not independent of its ‘remaining traditional’. In addition, the interaction between Yahya Kemal’s poetry and Ahmet Haşim’s, the other founder of modern Turkish poetry, is significant. The last part of the thesis aims to understand how Baudelaire’s and Nedîm’s influences meet, interact and play a role in the construction Yahya Kemal’s poetry. This part tries to comprehend why Baudelaire and Nedîm come forward among the numerous poets having influenced Yahya Kemal. To conclude, the thesis wishes to emphasize that Yahya Kemal’s effort to appropriate both of the occidental and oriental poetic traditions puts him in a privileged position in comparision with poets adopting one or the other of these traditions.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 17, 2014 - 11:21:15 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 9, 2022 - 6:36:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00951241, version 1



Pinar Aka. Au carrefour des influences : Yahya Kemal et la modernité de la poésie turque. Littératures. Université Paris-Est, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST0002⟩. ⟨tel-00951241⟩



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