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Ecriture féminine : images et portraits croisés de femmes

Abstract : Women’s writing has developed in a spectacular way since the beginning of the 20th century. Feminine creation has known a remarkable growth .Western and eastern she-writers have then stood defensively and predominantly in the literature of their time. Their narrations have so many common points and so few divergences that it’s easy to conclude they’ve given birth to a new literary expression differing from men’s writing. The feminine aspect emerges from the self-quest and let original aspirations appear. Women express themselves under creative and specific aesthetic forms. Their literature reveals an omnipresence of the body and sexuality closely connected with society. Duras, Aleramo, Djebar and Mernissi, very gifted novelists have been granted awards and honours from the whole world. Critics have at last noticed their talent as authoress or poet in a society which had only recognized masculine writing for ages. Women’s writing is gaining more and more ground, imposing itself in the world of literature. These excellent novelists allow themselves to approach their intimacy as well as other women’s. Most of them have published at mature age. Their respective biographies do show the link connecting the one with the other. The feeling of injustice is the basis of their narrations, injustice towards the colonized, towards the woman in the couple, or women in general. The feminine fact influences their writing which expresses social uneasiness, isolation, solitude, violence thus soaking their scriptural system. Studying their writing goes necessarily with considering the social historic context of the characters, themes and texts. Connecting the four novelists’works is not only plausible but indispensable to understand the growth of feminine literature which is increasing and increasing. Beyond the language, these novelists of different countries, cultures and generations have taken the same road of autobiography, creating the distinctive features of feminine writing. They have in common the essential choice of female characters, some of whom will touch suicide to escape from alienation. It’s all about underlining women’s quest for identity. This thesis focuses its study on four novels: Una Donna, L’Amant de la Chine du Nord, Femmes d’Alger dans leur appartement, and Dreams of Trespass. The female-being is represented in her relation to male violence, but also to her own violence on a social and cultural background of alienation.
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Souad Ameur. Ecriture féminine : images et portraits croisés de femmes. Littératures. Université Paris-Est, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST0003⟩. ⟨tel-00951346⟩

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