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Modéliser des systèmes de peuplement en interdisciplinarité : co-construction et exploration visuelle d'un modèle de simulation

Abstract : This thesis experiments a collaborative and interdisciplinary approach for the analysis of long-term spatial dynamics, based on the collective construction and visual exploration of a model which simulates the transitions of a settlement system. The case study is the Northwest European settlement system which between 800 and 1100 transitioned from a mostly dispersed settlement system to a hierarchical and polarized one : the objective of this research is to model and analyse the multiscalar interactions that resulted in these transformations and generated the dynamics of polarisation, hierarchisation and settlement fixation. To this end, this thesis proposes a methodological approach based on the co-construction of a simulation model involving experts from various disciplines (archaeology, history and geography). This approach proposes to support the domain experts for conceptualizing and modelling the system under study, through the development of SimFeodal, an agent-based model. This model is collectively evaluated, parameterized and explored through methods of visual evaluation. The methods rely on the systematic comparison of the model’s outputs to test the thematic hypothesis underlying the choice and selection of processes which simulates the settlement system’s spatial dynamics. The SimEDB platform, specifically designed for this use, provides an interactive tool to explore the massive spatio-temporal datasets of the model, and thus facilitates the collective and interdisciplinary analysis of the thematic hypotheses.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2020 - 2:29:13 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02944405, version 1


Robin Cura. Modéliser des systèmes de peuplement en interdisciplinarité : co-construction et exploration visuelle d'un modèle de simulation. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA01H013⟩. ⟨tel-02944405⟩



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