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Les complexes mafiques et ultramafiques birimiens de la ceinture de Mako (Sénégal oriental) témoins d'une évolution d'un domaine intra-océanique vers un domaine d'arc insulaire

Abstract : The isotopic and trace element data on rocks and minerals in the Birimian Mako region of Senegal reveal the existence of variously differentiated magmatic rocks (from ultramafic to rhyolite cumulates) from three perfectly identified magmatic sources: a more juvenile depleted source at the origin of the tholeiitic series 1; a weakly enriched source at the origin of the tholeiitic series 2 and a highly enriched source from which the calc-alkaline series originates. We can thus propose for the Mako group the following geodynamic evolution: i) opening of an ocean resulting in the emplacement of the rocks of the tholeiitic series 1 in the setting of an oceanic ridge, the rocks having characteristics close to the MORB ; ii) intra-oceanic subduction inducing magmatism leading to the formation of an immature insular arc which is characterized by a tholeiitic magmatism represented by the tholeiitic series 2; iii) Maturation of the insular arc and emplacement of rocks of the calc-alkaline series related to the subduction of the plate and thickening of the crustal portion of the arc.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 2, 2021 - 3:27:40 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03128938, version 1

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Ibrahima Labou. Les complexes mafiques et ultramafiques birimiens de la ceinture de Mako (Sénégal oriental) témoins d'une évolution d'un domaine intra-océanique vers un domaine d'arc insulaire. Géomorphologie. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III; Université Cheikh Anta Diop (Dakar), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU30306⟩. ⟨tel-03128938⟩

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