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La guerre entre le Pérou et l’Équateur et la nationalisation des frontières andines (1933-1945)

Abstract : The memory of the war that opposed Peru’s and Ecuador’s armies from July to August 1941 has been darkened by the global blast and nationalist irreconcilable accounts. This study intends to do a total approach of the event that decisively shaped both nations by analyzing diplomatic, military, and media data. The 1941 battles are part of a longstanding regional process of nationalizing the borderlands, understood as state-building and the mandate to adopt exclusive national identity, where transborder populations were traditionally bi-national or no-national. This particular moment has been seized by those populations and by all political parties as a way to claim their national roots. Both Andean states were able to achieve the promise of nation-building even in borderlands where their presence had been extremely limited, specially in the Amazon region, integrating them into the imagined community. This incomplete fulfillment has been driven by the making of a state bureaucracy dominated by the armies that deployed their social ambition of a total institution, as by the international Pan-American system sharing the same border ideal, that improved its instruments of collective security. Borderlands defined by a lack of national and geographical definitions were replaced by a consensual and interiorized borderline. The Andean conflict may have closed a continental cycle that started with the process of independence.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 20, 2021 - 4:27:08 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 25, 2022 - 6:56:04 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03231331, version 1


François Bignon. La guerre entre le Pérou et l’Équateur et la nationalisation des frontières andines (1933-1945). Histoire. Université Rennes 2, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020REN20032⟩. ⟨tel-03231331⟩



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