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Synthèse supportée d'hétérocycles en milieux éco-compatibles : étude des conditions par lots et en flux continu. Purification par ultrafiltration en phase aqueuse

Abstract : Aiming to avoid the use of volatile organic solvents in both the reaction and the separation steps, we envisioned to couple the use of PEGs as support to continuous flow chemistry and ultrafiltration in water as separation technique. First, we synthesized 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2-(1H)-ones (DHPMs) exploiting the Biginelli multicomponent reaction starting from PEG-supported aldehyde. For this purpose, we found that the linkage of 4-carboxybenzaldehyde to PEG4000, described in the literature to occur in CH2Cl2, takes place in melted PEGs (70 °C) in the absence of solvent. We developed a novel organic solvent free synthesis of DHPMs via the Biginelli reaction of PEG-supported aldehyde, and we isolate the final products via saponification. Then, the same Biginelli reaction was carried out in continuous flow micro-reactor using water as the solvent and the supported products were isolated by ultrafiltration.The above mentioned strategy was also applied to multistep syntheses, the Baylis-Hillman reaction being the key-step for the preparation of tetrahydro-1,3-oxazine, tetrazoles, 1,4-oxazepin-3-ones, and tetrahydro-1,3-pyrimidin-4-ones, compounds endowed with potential biological activity. The preparations of tetrahydro-1,3-oxazines and tetrazole were first optimized in batch with the purifications performed by ultrafiltration in water, then adapted to the continuous flow micro-reactor synthesis.All PEG-supported compounds were characterized by NMR and MALDI-TOF MS spectrometry. Moreover, in order to facilitate the analysis of PEG-supported product, we developed new NMR methods that help to reduce the intensity of PEG signals.In conclusion, we performed the PEG-supported organic solvent-free synthesis of DHPMs, tetrahydro-1,3-oxazines, and a tetrazole derivative, in batch as well as in continuous flow microreactor, using Biginelli and Baylis-Hillman reactions as key steps. All purifications were carried out by ultrafiltration in water, to avoid the use of organic solvents.
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Nicolo Prosa. Synthèse supportée d'hétérocycles en milieux éco-compatibles : étude des conditions par lots et en flux continu. Purification par ultrafiltration en phase aqueuse. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112139⟩. ⟨tel-00664999⟩

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