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Etude des facteurs viraux du LMV (Lettuce mosaic virus) impliqués dans le contournement de la résistance conférée par eIF4E chez la laitue : rôle de la protéine d’inclusion cylindrique (CI)

Abstract : In recent years, the factors of the eukaryotic translation initiation complex were identified as essential determinants of plant susceptibility to RNA viruses, including potyviruses, the largest and economically the most important of the plant virus groups. Members of this group are responsible for important virus diseases affecting all types of vegetable, fruit, and field crops.In particular, the recessive alleles mo11 and mo12 of mo1 gene, which previously identified as encoding for the translation initiation factor eIF4E, are currently used to protect lettuce crops against lettuce mosaic potyvirus (LMV).Based on the results obtained in the laboratory showing that the LMV determinants involved in the mo1 resistance overcoming include not only the area encoding for the VPg but also upstream, the C-terminal region of that encoding for the CI, my work of thesis consisted in (1) confirm that LMV encodes for two virulence factors, CI and VPg (2) identified by site-directed and random mutagenesis a key amino acids of the CI protein involved in eIF4E-mediated resistance overcoming (3) initiate a functional characterization of interactions involving the three partners eIF4E, VPg and CI.The results obtained showed that the exchange of VPg of a virulent isolate (LMV-E) in a non-virulent (LMV-0) is sufficient to restore full compatibility with lettuce cultivars carrying mo11 allele, but not mo12, whereas the region encoding for the C-terminal portion of the CI and 6K2, is sufficient to overcoming both mo1 alleles. The point mutation in the CI (LMV-0-S621T) obtained by site-directed mutagenesis is able to overcome the resistance conferred by mo12 and partly that conferred by mo11 while the reciprocal mutation (LMV-E-T621S) loses its ability to overcome both resistance alleles.So this is the first example of a potyvirus CI gene acting as a virulence determinant in overcoming eIF4E-mediated resistance. Indeed, the potyvirus VPg was previously identified as the sole virulence determinant vis-a-vis eIF4E. It seems that LMV can use two viral factors (CI and VPg) to overcome the mo1 resistance alleles.This property, combined with the fact that LMV isolates from the wild or ornamental origin are able to evolve towards the overcoming could therefore pose a risk to the durability of the mo1 resistance. Preliminary works were carried on during this thesis to better understand the exact role of mutations affecting virulence factors in the evolutionary process of adaptation of LMV to the pressures imposed by mo1 alleles.Finally, the involvement of the LMV CI in mo1 resistance breaking suggests that this protein could also interact (such as VPg), directly or indirectly with eIF4E. We have shown for the first time in vitro and in vivo interactions between the C-terminal region of the CI protein and the lettuce eIF4E protein. In addition, the mutation at position 621 of the CI which has a key role in mo1 resistance overcoming does not seem to affect these interactions in vitro.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00672558, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 328950

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Anas Abdul-Razzak. Etude des facteurs viraux du LMV (Lettuce mosaic virus) impliqués dans le contournement de la résistance conférée par eIF4E chez la laitue : rôle de la protéine d’inclusion cylindrique (CI). Sciences agricoles. Université d'Avignon, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010AVIG0630⟩. ⟨tel-00672558⟩

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