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Role of the Asf1-Rad53 interaction in genomic stability in S.cerevisiae

Yue Jiao 1 
1 SOC - Stress Oxydatif et Cancer
BioCell - Département Biologie Cellulaire
Abstract : Asf1 is a histone chaperone, which participates in the assembly and disassembly of histones H3/H4 on DNA. Asf1 is not essential for cell viability in yeast, but the DNA damage checkpoints are constitutively activated in cells lacking Asf1 and they are hypersensitive to several types of genotoxic stress. In yeast, Asf1 forms a stable complex with Rad53 in the absence of genotoxic stress. Our results suggest that this complex involves at Ieast three interaction surfaces. One site involves the H3-binding surface of Asf1 with an as yet undefined surface of Rad53, probably reside in the kinase domain of Rad53. A second site is formed by the Rad53-FHA1 domain binding to Asf1-T270. The third site involves the C-terminal 21 aa of Rad53 bound to the conserved Asf1 N-terminal domain, where Rad53 competes with histone H3/H4 and co-chaperones HirA/CAF-1 for binding to the same surface of Asf1. Rad53 is phosphorylated and activated upon genotoxic stress. The Asf1-Rad53 complex dissociated when cells were treated with hydroxyurea but not methyl methane sulfonate, suggesting a regulation of the complex as a function of the stress.In addition to these results, we also found that the rad53-A806R+L808R mutation at the C-terminus of Rad53 destabilized the Asf1-Rad53 interaction and increased the viability of rad9 and rad24 mutants to genotoxic stress. The rad53-ALRR mutant also appeared to re-enter the cell cycle and/or traverse S-phase more rapidly than wild type and increased repair or adaptation when combined with the rad24 mutant.
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Submitted on : Saturday, June 23, 2012 - 1:01:39 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00711284, version 1

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Yue Jiao. Role of the Asf1-Rad53 interaction in genomic stability in S.cerevisiae. Agricultural sciences. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112105⟩. ⟨tel-00711284⟩

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