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Le rêve américain dans l'oeuvre de Romain Gary

Abstract : The American Dream is a source of hope for Romain Gary’s characters which, by locating their dreams and offering them ideal models, inspires them with a new strength. This America, made of clichés that Gary diverts or appropriates, can be based on reality but Gary amplifies its features, up to reinventing a country larger than life, mythical and miraculous. The New World, liberator of World War II, kept a more intact image for European characters than the wounded Europe. Seen as new and different, it’s the dream but hard to reach destination for those who want to change their life and « become someone ». Maybe there could even appear what Gary longs for, a new humanity. The United States are nevertheless far from being perfect and Gary lucidly qualifies those images when he describes a country affected by problems and reappraisals which often echo his owns queries and disillusions. The promised land characters had imagined is just a country after all, almost like the others, as Black Americans, who some characters wanted to believe could be different and superior, are only humans : they’re all as capable of giving their worse or best. Gary’s works are anchored in American culture, making use of contemporary history and of many quotations, references or parodies drawn from a large collection of American literature and popular culture. Gary knows America and refuses to portray it in too simplistic a way ; he uses his omnipresent irony to distance himself from it but never ceases to show his interest for this country which leads the way towards the future.
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Carine Perreur. Le rêve américain dans l'oeuvre de Romain Gary. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010PA030038⟩. ⟨tel-00719429⟩

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