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Développement d’une réaction de Mannich vinylogue trois composants hautement diastéréosélective : application à la synthèse de molécules azotées polycycliques complexes dont des analogues de l’émétine

Abstract : On the basis of previous work done in the laboratory on the vinylogous Mannich reaction, we pursued the development of this reaction by devising a three component procedure. We then extended the scope of the reaction to different aza-heterocycles, to new electrophiles and nucleophiles with yields generally over 80% and diastereomeric ratios over 80/20. The numerous X ray structures obtained confirmed that the major diastereomer always present an R*,R* configuration. These substrates were then used to prepare complex tetracyclic structures in one step. These products were obtained with yield up to 87% and diastereomeric ratios up to 95/5. This diastereoselectivity was rationalized using molecular modeling. This vinylogous Mannich / cyclization reaction sequence allowed the controlled formation of four contiguous stereogenic centers. These tetracyclic structures were then used as starting points for the synthesis of analogues of emetine, a natural antitumor compound. The synthetic intermediates were tested for their cytotoxic activity.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00747796, version 1

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Simon Janody. Développement d’une réaction de Mannich vinylogue trois composants hautement diastéréosélective : application à la synthèse de molécules azotées polycycliques complexes dont des analogues de l’émétine. Autre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA112127⟩. ⟨tel-00747796⟩

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