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Etude du rôle du gène suppresseur de tumeur WWOX et de ses partenaires dans la voie de signalisation Wnt/β-caténine et dans la carcinogenèse mammaire

Abstract : In our attempt to better understand the molecular mecanisms in breast carcinogenesis, we studied the role of the tumor suppressor gene WWOX that encompasses the common fragile site FRD16D. We have identified actors of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway as new interactors of WWOX: Dvl-2, BCL9 and BCL9-2 just as HDAC3. We show, for the first time, that WWOX is an inhibitor of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Our results suggest that WWOX binds Dvl-2 in the cytoplasm and inhibits BCL9 and BCL9-2’s transcriptionnal activities. Moreover, we have shown that HDAC3 inhibits as well the transcriptional activity of BCL9-2 by recruiting it on WWOX. We then demonstrated that HDAC3 acts independently of its deacetylase activity. The inhibition of the Wnt/b-catenin pathway by WWOX suggests that the down expression of WWOX, frequently found in breast tumors, could trigger the over activation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and therefore a tumor progression. In parallel, we have studied the implication of the newly identified molecular partners of WWOX in the mammary carcinogenesis. We have identified an overexpression of BCL9, but not BCL9-2, in a large serie of invasive breast tumors, this overexpression is due, at least in part to polyploidy and gene amplification, suggesting BCL9 plays an important role in this pathology.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 1, 2013 - 10:02:14 AM
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Perla El Hage. Etude du rôle du gène suppresseur de tumeur WWOX et de ses partenaires dans la voie de signalisation Wnt/β-caténine et dans la carcinogenèse mammaire. Cancer. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA11T098⟩. ⟨tel-00795900⟩

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