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Estimation du mouvement bi-dimensionnel de la paroi artérielle en imagerie ultrasonore par une approche conjointe de segmentation et de speckle tracking

Guillaume Zahnd 1 
1 Imagerie Ultrasonore
CREATIS - Centre de Recherche en Acquisition et Traitement de l'Image pour la Santé
Abstract : This thesis is focused on the domain of bio-medical image processing. The aim of our study is to assess in vivo the parameters traducing the mechanical properties of the carotid artery in ultrasound imaging, for early detection of cardiovascular diseases. The analysis of the longitudinal motion of the arterial wall tissues, i.e. in the same direction as the blood flow, represents the principal motivation of this work. The three main contributions proposed in this work are i) the development of an original and semi-automatic methodological framework, dedicated to the segmentation and motion estimation of the arterial wall in in vivo ultrasound B-mode image sequences, ii) the description of a protocol aiming to generate a reference, involving the manual tracings of several experts, in the objective to quantify the accuracy of the results of our method despite the absence of ground truth inherent to ultrasound imaging, and iii) the clinical evaluation of the association between the mechanical and dynamical parameters of the arterial wall and the cardiovascular risk factors, for early detection of atherosclerosis. We propose a semi-automatic method, based on a combined approach of wall segmentation and tissues motion estimation. The extraction on the interfaces position is realized via an approach specific to the morphological structure of the carotid artery, based on a strategy of dynamic programming using a matched filter. The motion estimation is performed via a robust block matching method, based on the a priori knowledge of the displacement as well as the temporal update of the reference block with a specific Kalman filter. The accuracy of our method, evaluated in vivo, corresponds to the same order of magnitude as the one resulting from the manual operations performed by experts, and is significantly higher than the one obtained from two other classical methods (i.e. a classical implementation of the block matching technique, and the VVI commercial software). We also present four clinical studies, and we evaluate the association between longitudinal motion and cardiovascular risk factors. We suggest that the longitudinal motion, which represents an emerging cardiovascular risk marker that has been only few studied yet, constitutes a pertinent and complementary marker aiming at the characterization of arterial physio-pathology, traduces the overall cardiovascular risk level, and could be well suited to the early detection of the atherosclerosis.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00835828, version 1

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Guillaume Zahnd. Estimation du mouvement bi-dimensionnel de la paroi artérielle en imagerie ultrasonore par une approche conjointe de segmentation et de speckle tracking. Autre. INSA de Lyon, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ISAL0136⟩. ⟨tel-00835828⟩

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