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Studying optical micro-resonators coupling for future insertion in an opto-electronic oscillator

Abstract : The classical structure of an Opto-Electronic Oscillator (OEO) is based on a long fiber loop acting as a delay line and leading to the high spectral purity, or very low phase noise, of the oscillator. Such an OEO has been developed in SATIE/LPQM laboratory at ENS Cachan, operating at 8 GHz frequency. However, this system has some main disadvantages such as a bulky size, the difficulty to control temperature and a wide range of peaks among which it is difficult to select only one mode. In order to eliminate these disadvantages, high quality factor optical resonator can be used instead of the optical fiber loop. In this thesis, two resonator structures are produced and investigated. Microspheres are fabricated based on optical single mode fiber. Whispering gallery modes of these resonators are characterized by tapered fiber –resonator coupling. The experimental results show that the quality factor of the microsphere is up to 106 and FSR depends on the diameter of the resonator. A microsphere with a diameter of 300 µm, presents a FSR of 0.2 nm corresponding to a frequency of 25 GHz. However, for an OEO system which should work at 8 GHz, microsphere with a smaller FSR or with diameter of some millimeters should be fabricated- that is really difficult to obtain. Another add/drop racetrack resonator is designed and investigated. Optical experimental behavior of racetrack is characterized via fiber micro-lens coupling. The transmission spectrum shows resonance dips with average quality factor of 105 and a small FSR of 0.050 ± 0.003 nm (actually corresponding to 6 GHz) for a scanning wavelength range from 1534 nm to 1610 nm. The most promising features of the racetrack resonator are its high quality factor, and its free spectral range, which give it the high suitability for being used in the OEO system. Nevertheless the coupling with fiber lens leads to high losses and it is not possible to fulfill the oscillation conditions. Future work should be conducted for improving the coupling and for controlling the resonance dips position in agreement with the wavelength of the laser used in the OEO.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00905958, version 1

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Vu Hai Nam Luong. Studying optical micro-resonators coupling for future insertion in an opto-electronic oscillator. Other [cond-mat.other]. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012DENS0060⟩. ⟨tel-00905958⟩

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