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Colloïdes hybrides silice/polystyrène de morphologie contrôlée

Abstract : The colloidal molecules are described as robust aggregates of spherical particles mimicking the space-filling models of simple conventional molecules. Their preparation is studied in order to obtain high morphology yields and narrow size distributions, as required to expect future applications like supracolloidal assembly and materials fabrication. The strategy is based on introduction of functionalized silica seeds in a styrene emulsion polymerization batch, leading to nucleation/growth of a discrete number of spherical PS nodules anchored to the silica surface.The study proposes an optimization of the synthesis of (i) the silica seeds by a sol-gel process and (ii) the PS latex particles by an emulsion polymerization. Silica/PS clusters structures are characterized by cryo-electron tomography and their arrangement is discussed using well-known geometrical models and suggesting a new model of nodules growth. At last, a preliminary study is carried out to cover these clusters with an oxide shell (SiO2 and TiO2).
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Anthony Desert. Colloïdes hybrides silice/polystyrène de morphologie contrôlée. Autre. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011BOR14431⟩. ⟨tel-00949569⟩

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