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Fonctions moléculaires des hélicases ARN DDX5 et DDX17 dans la biologie du muscle dans un contexte sain et pathologique

Abstract : RNA helicases DDX5 and DDX17 are “multi-tasks” proteins involved in nearly all aspects of RNA metabolism such as transcription, splicing and RNA degradation. During complex biological processes like myogenesis, gene expression programs are deeply modified. During my PhD, I contributed to show that DDX5 and DDX17 are orchestrators of differentiation by dynamically and directly orchestrating several layers of gene expression. DDX5 and DDX17 control the activity of the transcription factor MyoD, master regulator of myogenesis, as well as the expression of miR1/206, muscle-specific micro-RNAs. During myogenesis, these miRNAs downregulate the protein expression of DDX5 and DDX17 in a negative feedback loop, contributing to the switch of splicing programs observed in differenciated cells. Mechanistically, this splicing subprogram appear to be in part regulated by DDX5 and DDX17 in cooperation with hnRNP H/F splicing factors. Moreover DDX5 has been involved in a pathological muscular pathology : Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 (DM1). This helicase interact with the DM1 pathological mutation. During my PhD, I produced preliminary results suggesting a role for DDX5 in the establishment of the splicing defects observed in DM1
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 7, 2014 - 11:18:28 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:07:41 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, August 7, 2014 - 11:10:13 AM

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Micaela Polay Espinoza. Fonctions moléculaires des hélicases ARN DDX5 et DDX17 dans la biologie du muscle dans un contexte sain et pathologique. Sciences agricoles. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LYO10041⟩. ⟨tel-00988051⟩

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