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Synthèse et caractérisations de nouvelles sondes fluorescentes et réactifs chimiques pour l'étude structurale de l'ARN

Abstract : Understanding the function of RNA involved in biological processes requires a thorough knowledge of RNA structure. Traditional chemical and enzymatic reagents and backbonebased cleavage are useful for mapping RNA secondary structure, and on going advances in nucleotide resolution RNA structure probing have made possible increasingly rigorous and quantitative analysis. Although chemical and enzymatic probes are recently coupled to high throughput sequencing, these techniques still suffer from some disadvantages. This project aims the optimization of two existing techniques and is divided into two major topics. The first part aims the optimization of “hSHAPE chemistry”. A practical method is the synthesis of energy transfer dyes from the “BigDyes” family that are useful to study small amount of RNA and are compatible with DNA sequencing. We have done the synthesis of 5 modified dyes and one BigDye. The characterization of this BigDye shows that it exists excitoncoupling mechanism due to the strong interaction between the two transition dipoles. In addition, the solvent influences strongly the photophysical properties of this BigDye. The purpose of the second part is to develop and synthesize new class of isatoic anhydride derivatives useful to map the entire genome of HIV-1 in virio. We have done the synthesis of 4 N-substituted molecules with a propyn-2-yl function and 8 reference molecules. In addition, preliminary results on HIV-1 1-311 RNA showed that these compounds are able to modify RNA and that it is possible to fix a biotin-azide by click chemistry.
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https://theses.hal.science/tel-00998937
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 3, 2014 - 9:23:08 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 27, 2021 - 3:24:36 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 11, 2017 - 3:06:23 AM

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BARHOUM_Patrick_2013_ED414.pdf
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  • HAL Id : tel-00998937, version 1

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Patrick Barhoum. Synthèse et caractérisations de nouvelles sondes fluorescentes et réactifs chimiques pour l'étude structurale de l'ARN. Autre. Université de Strasbourg, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013STRAJ032⟩. ⟨tel-00998937⟩

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