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Meta-liquid-based metasurfaces and applications

Abstract : Novel and tailored electromagnetic properties can be realized using a metasurface through artificially designed structures. The effective permittivity and permeability of a metasurface can be flexibly designed and even tuned so as to exhibit electromagnetic responses that can be very different from those of their natural counterparts, leading to enhanced properties and sometimes to extra-ordinary behaviour. This thesis focuses on the design, fabrication and experimentation of meta-liquid-based metasurfaces for electromagnetic wave control and modulation. These metasurfaces are based on the use of both photolithography-based microfabrication and microfluidic technologies implemented onto thin and flexible substrates of sub-wavelength thickness. More specifically, the incorporation within a microfluidic channel network of various materials, including liquid dielectric material, liquid metal and solid metal have been exploited to further manipulate the electromagnetic responses of the related metasurfaces, such as the absorption, transmission and chirality. The first part of the thesis reports an ultra-broadband and wide-angle absorbing material by water-resonator-based metasurface. It consists of an array of water droplets embedded in the soft dielectric material, PDMS; it exhibited an almost perfect absorptivity over the Ku, K and Ka bands. The second part of the thesis focuses on a frequency-agile and wide-angle absorber in terahertz by liquid-metal-based metasurface, where a liquid-metal-pillar array can be continuously controlled in the vertical direction hence breaking the tuning limitation in the 2D plane. The third part of the thesis focuses on an active chiral metasurface. The metasurface can be switched from achiral to chiral by changing the spiral structure from planar pattern to 3D pattern. This functionality can manipulate the microwave transmission from symmetric to asymmetric under forward and backward incidence. In conclusion, tunability on the absorption, transmission and chirality have been realized through microfluidic metasurfaces, which appear having high potential applications in various areas such as stealth technology, imaging system, and optical communication, to name a few
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  • HAL Id : tel-01823830, version 1

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Qinghua Song. Meta-liquid-based metasurfaces and applications. Electronics. Université Paris-Est, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1193⟩. ⟨tel-01823830⟩

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